Jan 20

We hear that most of the Musical Societies in Town have generoasly

agreed to join their Assistance with the Gentlemen of the Chapel

Royal, the Choirs of St. Paul’s and Westminster, in the Performance

of Mr. Handel’s Great Te Deum, Jubilate, and Anthems, at St.

Paul’s, both on the rehearsal and Feast of the Corporation of the

Sons of the Clergy, in order to promote so great a Charity.




Jan 22

MONDAY, Jan. 22. [...]

We are assured, that above a hundred gentlemen well

skilled in music, and fine performers, have already promised

to assist the three choirs of the royal chapel, S. Paul’s

and Westminster Abbey, both at the rehearsal, and on the

feast-day of the sons of the clergy.  P.




Jan 28

[...] in the Evening [of Sunday last] their Majesties, the Duke, and the Princesses, were present at the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, and saw the New Opera of Orlando.


We hear that there was collected last Monday at the Rehearsal of the Musick to be performed on the Feast-Day of the Sons of the Clergy 240 l. 5 s. 9 d. notwithstanding the ill State of Health of the Town, which is supposed to have detained several Persons from coming.




Jan 30

TUESDAY, Jan. 30. [...]

Yesterday there was a rehearsal of the music, that will

be performed on thursday [sic] next at S. Paul’s cathedral;

before the sons of the clergy; on which occasion 236 l. 15 s.

6 d. was collected at the bason.  C.  D P. — 240 l. 5 s. 9 d.  P.




Feb 1

Last Thursday [1 Febr.] there was a very considerable Collection at the

Feast of the Sons of the Clergy; which, with what was gather’d

that Day, and the Day of the rehearsal, at St. Paul’s, together

with the 100 l. left by Dr. Godolphin, late Provost of Eaton, and

what is further expected, will, ’tis thought, amount to a Sum little

short of 1000 l.




Feb 2

FRIDAY, Feb. 2.  Yesterday the rev. Dr. Stebbing preached

an excellent sermon before the sons of the clergy, after

which they proceeded to dine at merchant-taylors hall:

the collections at the church and hall amounted to 945 l.

10 s. 3 d.  P. — The rev. Dr. Godolphin left 100 l. which

was paid at S. Paul’s church.  D P. — I hear, that Mr.

Osborne is very angry at the annual increase of this charity.




The TOWN LADY’s Answer to What tho’ I am a Country Lass.



WHAT tho’ I am a London dame,

And lofty looks I bear a?

I carry, sure, as good a name,

As those who russet wear a.

What, tho’ my cloaths are rich brocades?

My skin it is more white a,

Than any of the country maids

That in the fields delight, a.



What, tho’ I to assemblies go,

And at the Operas shine, a?

It is a thing all girls must do,

That will be ladies fine, a:

And while I hear FAUSTINA sing

Before the king and queen, a,

My eyes they are upon the wing,

To see, if I am seen, a.







at Powis house Ormond Street the stair Case painted by Amiconi [...]

the sides of the Staircase. three different stories of Holofernis his head

being cut off by Judith. first she is receivd by the General in the Army

  the other is a grand Festival.  & the other side where she appears

with the sword in her hand & the head of Holofernes showd to the people. [...]




Feb 9

WHereas the Oratorio of JUDITH

was notified to be perform’d at the Theatre-Royal

in Lincoln’s-Inn-Fields as on Friday the Ninth of this Instant,

the said ORATORIO, by Reason of the Indisposition of one of

the Principal Singers [=Cecilia Young], is deferr’d till further Notice.




Feb 9

[Viscount Percival’s Diary, Friday 9 February 1732-33]


Dined at home, and in the evening had my concert; performers —

Sir Edward Anderson, Sir Lionel Pickering, Mr. Withrington,

Mr. Needler, Mellan, Dobson, Pain, Prat, Sambroke, Bothmar,

Mutso, Bagnal, my brother; and of professed musicians,

Pasquelini, Arragoni, Vernon, the opera woman, and the great


The company were brother Parker, Lord Bathurst, Sir Thomas

Hanmer, Mr. Hanmer, Dean Berkley, Mr. Cornwall, Sir John

Barker, Mr. Clerke, Mr. Hildsley, Mr. Fortrey, sister Percival,

Mrs. Minshull, Mrs. Devereux, Mrs. Spencers.




Feb 15

Miss Caecilia Young being still indisposed, is the

Reason of the new Opera of Dione, and the new

Pantomime Entertainment not being perform’d before

the 23d Instant.




Feb 16

AT the Theatre-Royal in Lincoln’s-

Inn-Fields, this present Friday, being the 16th Instant,

will be Perform’d




Compos’d by Mr. WILLIAM DE FESCH.

N. B. Tickets given out for the Ninth will be taken.

The Composer humbly hopes the Disappointment the Town

met with by its being postpon’d will be in no Means imputed

to him, it being occasion’d by such an Accident as any one

might unfortunately fall under, that of the Mis-Conduct and

pretended Sickness of Cecilia Young, who had engag’d for the

Part of Judith, which will be perfom’d by Miss Chambers.

N. B. The Pit and Boxes will be laid together at 5 s.  First

Gallery 2 s. 6 d.  Upper Gallery 1 s. 6 d.

No Person can be admitted behind the Scenes.

Tickets may be had at Tom’s Coffee-House in Devereux

Court, near the Temple; at the Rainbow Coffee-House,

over-against the Royal-Exchange; and at Mr. Cook’s Musick

Shop in New Street, Covent-Garden.

Printed Books of the Oratorio may be had at the Theatre

only.  Price 1 s.




W[illiam] H[uggins], Judith: An Oratorio; Or, Sacred Drama ...

The Musick Composed by Mr. William de Fesch,

Late Chapel-Master of the Cathedral Church at Antwerp

(London: [?], 1733).




Feb 20 – Apr 5, Dublin

[Mrs. Pendarves to Mrs. Ann Granville, between 20 February and 5 April 1732-3]


[...] Mr. Pope I find has undertaken to lash the age; I believe

he will be tired before they are reformed.  He says he

will spare neither friend nor foe,” so that declaring

ones-self for him, will not secure us from a stroke.




Feb 21

To be Perform’d, at the Royal Chapel of White-

hall, by the Gentlemen of his Majesty’s Chapel

Royal and the best Hands,

HARMONIA SACRA; consisting of

the TE DEUM, JUBILATE, ANTHEMS, and other Pieces

of CHURCH MUSICK, composed by the most eminent Masters,

ancient and modern.

The Whole will be divided into Three Performances.

The first to be on Tuesday the 13th Day of March; and

to consist of the following Pieces, viz.


at his Majesty’s Chapel Royal: All with Voices and Instruments,

and set to Musick by Mr. Handel.

The second Performance to be on Tuesday the 3d of April;

and to consist of

The late Mr. Henry Purcell’s TE DEUM and JUBILATE,

with Voices and Instruments, perform’d upon several publick

Occasions at St. Paul’s Cathedral: Signior Bononcini[’]s

Anthem, with Voices and Instruments, perform’d in Westminster

Abbey at the Duke of Marlborough’s Funeral: An Anthem

in Latin by Colonna, (the Words taken out of the

110th Psalm).

The third Performance to be on Tuesday the 17th of April;

and to consist of

A TE DEUM; an Anthem on his Majesty’s Return from

Hanover, (both perform’d at St. James’s Chapel Royal): Part

of the Song of Deborah and Barak, paraphrased from the 5th

Chapter of Judges.  All with Voices and Instruments, and

set to Musick by Dr. Greene.

The several Performances to begin at Twelve o’Clock.

TICKETS will be deliver’d at a Guinea each TICKET,

which will entitle any Person to be admitted to the Three


TICKETS may be had at Mr. Jackson’s, Bookseller, in Pall-

Mall, near St. James’s Gate; Mr. King’s, Bookseller, in

Westminster-Hall; Mr. Greene’s, Bookseller, at Charing-

Cross; Mr. Browne’s, Bookseller, at the Black Swan without

Temple-Bar; Mr. Innys’s, Bookseller, at the West End of

St. Paul’s Cathedral; Mr. Meadows’s, Bookseller, at the

Angel in Cornhill, over against the Royal-Exchange.




Feb 23

[Viscount Percival’s Diary, Friday 23 February 1732-33]


I returned home to dinner, and had my concert, at which were

present Sir Thomas Hanmer, Mr. Bagnall, Sir Jo. Barker,

Mr. Stradling, Sir Edmond Thomas, Mr. Horace Walpole and his

lady, Lady Parker and her daughters, Mr. Tuffnell, Mrs. Devereux,

Lady Mary Cooly, Lady ———— Hambleton, sister Percival,

Lady Bathurst, Mons. Montolio, Mr. Clerke and cousin Fortrey;

and the performers were: Sir Edmond Anderson, Mr. Mutso[,]

Mr. Withrington, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Sambroke, Mr. Hanmer, on the

fiddle; Mr. Dobson, Mr. Pain, on the bass; Mr. Bothmar, Vernon, on

the hautboy; my brother Percival, the tenor; Sir Lionel Pilkington

and Mr. Bagnall, on the harpsichord; Aragoni, and my daughters,






42.  Orlando.  An Opera.  Compos’d by Mr. Handel.  Sold by John Walsh, pr. 11s. 6d.




Mar 3

[Viscount Percival’s Diary, Saturday 3 March 1732-33]


In the evening I went to the English Opera called “Achilles,”

with my brother Percival.




Mar 5

Preparations are making at Whitehall-Chapel,

for the Performance of several Pieces of Church-

Musick, with Voices and Instruments, compos’d by

the greatest Masters.  The first Performance will be

on the 13th of this Instant March.




Mar 8

By HIS MAJESTY’s Command,


on Saturday the 17th of March, will be perform’d,

DBORAH, [sic]

An ORATORIO, or SACRED DRAMA; (in English)

Composed by Mr. HANDEL.

The House is to be fitted up and illuminated in a new and particular





Mar ?10

On Saturday in the Evening their Majesties, his

Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, and the

Three Eldest Princesses, went to the Opera House

in the Haymarket, and saw an Opera called Floridante.




Mar 13

AT the KING’s THEATRE in the

HAY-MARKET, this present Tuesday, being the 13th

Day of March, will be reviv’d, An OPERA, call’d,


PIT and BOXES to be put together, and no Persons

to be admitted without TICKETS, which will be delivered

This Day, at the Office in the Hay-Market, at Half

a Guinea each.



No Persons whatever to be admitted behind the SCENES.

To begin at Half an Hour after six o’Clock.


By HIS MAJESTY’s Command.

AT the KING’s THEATRE in the

HAY-MARKET, on Saturday the 17th of March, will

be perform’d,




Composed by Mr. HANDEL.

And to be performed by a great Number of the best Voices

and Instruments.

N. B. This is the last Dramatick Performance that will be

exhibited at the King’s Theatre till after Easter.

The House to be fitted up and illuminated in a new

and particular Manner.

Tickets to be deliver’d at the Office at the Opera House on

Friday and Saturday the 16th and 17th Instant, at One

Guinea each, Gallery Half a Guinea.




Mar 17

And this Day is published,

DEBORAH.  An Oratorio; Or, Sacred Drama

As it is to be perform’d this Evening, being the

17th of March, at the King’s Theatre in the Hay-

Market.  The Musick compos’d by Mr. HANDEL

The Words by Mr. Humphreys.




D E B O R A H.





As it is Perform’d at the

KING’S THEATRE in the Hay-Market.


The MUSICK Compos’d by Mr. HANDEL.


The Words by Mr. HUMPHREYS.






Printed for JOHN WATTS at the Printing-Office in Wild-Court near Lincoln’s-Inn Fields: And are to be had at the KING’S THEARTE [sic] in the Hay-Market.  1733.

[Price One Shilling.]








HOW much soever Mankind may vary in their Opinions on difficult Points of Speculation, they all confess, with a perfect Unanimity, That the polite Arts are favour’d by Your Majesty, with the Approbation and Patronage of the Greatest and Best of QUEENS.

            The many amiable Instances of Your Majesty’s condescending Regard to the Muses, in particular, inspired one of the humblest of their Admirers with an ardent Ambition to grace this Drama with Your Majesty’s sacred Name.

            Had I been able, MADAM, to have represented Deborah, acting for the Happiness of her People, with half the Lustre that diffuses itself around Your Majesty’s Conduct, I might then have congratulated my self for drawing so excellent a Portraiture; but if a much greater Master had employed [page] his Abilities on this Occasion, he would have been sensible like my self, by the Event, that he had only shewn how much the Jewish Heroine is transcended by BRITANNIA’s QUEEN.

            Could I hope, MADAM, to improve my inconsiderable Talent in Poetry to that Perfection, as would enable me to paint the shining Character of Your Majesty in a just Light, I should be indefatigable in cultivating my Propensity to the Muses, because I am persuaded that whenever a happy Genius shall exert itself suitably to such a Subject, he may venture to promise Immortality to his Production.

            But, tho’ I acknowledge my self infinitely inferiour in such an Attempt to many of my Contemporaries, yet I humbly implore Your Majesty’s Permission to declare, that I am not exceeded, by any of my Fellow-Subjects, in the Loyalty and Veneration with which I have the Honour to be,



most dutiful,

and most obedient

Subject and Servant,





ALL those Lines mark’d down the Side with a Pencil, are left out in the Performance.




Mar 20

An Entertainment, perhaps, the most magnificent that has ever been exhibited on an English Theatre ….

The Composition of the Musick is by no means inferior to the most finish’d of that Gentleman’s Works;

but the Disposition of the Performers was in a Taste beyond what has been attempted.  There was a very

great Number of Instruments by the best Hands, and such as would properly accompany three Organs.

  The Pit and Orchestre were cover’d as at an Assembly, and the whole House illuminated in a new and

most beautiful manner.




Mar 27

[Viscount Percival’s Diary, Tuesday 27 March 1732-3]


Tuesday, 27. — Went to the Vestry in the morning.  Went in

the evening to see “Deborah,” an oratorio, made by Hendel.

It was very magnificent, near a hundred performers, among whom

about twenty-five singers.



Their Majesties, together with his Royal highness the Prince of Wales, and the Princesses were again

… to see Deborah … at which was likewise present one of the most numerous Audiences of Nobility

and Persons of Distinction that has been ever seen in any Theatre.




Mar 27

Last Night [27 March] their Majesties, the Prince of Wales, and the three eldest Princesses,

were again present at Mr. Handel’s new Oratorio of Deborah; but Signora Strada being very ill, did not perform in it.




Apr 3

To be performed,

At the Royal Chapel of Whitehall,

By the Gentlemen of his Majesty’s Chapel-Royal,

and the best Hands,


On Tuesday the 3d of April will be performed,

The late Mr. Henry Purcell’s Te

Deum and Jubilate, with Voices and Instruments

(performed upon several publick Occasions at St. Paul’s

Cathedral):  Signior Bononcini’s Anthem.  with Voices

and Instruments (performed in Westminster Abbey, at

the Duke of Marlborough’s Funeral).  An Anthem in

Latin by Colonna: the 110th Psalm.

And on Tuesday the 17th of April will be


A Te Deum:  An Anthem on his Majesty’s Return

from Hanover (both performed at St. James’s Chapel

Royal):  Part of the Song of Deborah and Barak,

paraphrased from the 5th Chapter of Judges.  All with

Voices and Instruments, and set to Musick by Dr.


The Performances to begin at 12 o’Clock.

Tickets will be delivered at a Guinea for both the

Performances; or at Half a Guinea for either of the

two Performances.

N. B.  The Performances of Church Musick at

Whitehall are for augmenting a Fund for the

Widows, &c. of the Gentlemen of the Chapel-

Royal, who die in his Majesty’s Service.

Tickets may be had at Mr. Jackson’s, Bookseller, in

Pall Mall, near St. James’s Gate; Mr. King’s, Bookseller,

in Westminster Hall; Mr. Green’s, Bookseller, at

Charing Cross; Mr. Browne’s, Bookseller, at the Black

Swan without Temple Bar; Mr. Innys’s, Bookseller, at

the West End of St. Paul’s Cathedral; Mr. Meadows’s,

Bookseller, at the Angel in Cornhill, overagainst the






AT the KING’s THEATRE in the

HAY-MARKET, this present Tuesday, being the 3d of

April, will be performed,





Composed by Mr. HANDEL.

And to be performed by a great Number of the best Voices

and Instruments.

The House to be fitted up and illuminated in a new

and particular Manner.

TICKETS will be delivered at the Office in the Hay-

Market, this Day, at Half a Guinea each.


To begin at Half an Hour after six o’Clock.

The Silver Tickets of the Subscribers to the Opera will

be admitted.




Apr 9

The Subject of To-morrow’s Hyp-Doctor will be

the Jesuit’s Letter, Mr. Handel’s Oratorio, Fog’s

Prophecy, a second Letter from Charles Forman, Esq;

to Sir R. W.  An Account of a new general Excise

of Beards in France, a Letter from a Lady on the

Fashion of naked Necks and Breasts, and a new Sect

of both Sexes, called of Taste, or Tasters.




Apr 11, Dangan

[Mrs. Pendarves to Mrs. Ann Granville, 11 April 1733]


I am sorry the Act at Oxford happens this year; I

fear it will incommode me in my journey to Gloucester —

the town will be so cramm’d; and I have so much a

higher pleasure in view than any entertainment they

can give, that I have no thoughts of stopping there.




Apr 14

Extract from the CRAFTSMAN.

MR. D’Anvers begins his last Craftsman with a Letter from a Jesuit in England to the Rector of his Order at Brussels.  This Letter was wrote in the Year 1627, and discovers a Design which was at that time on foot to enslave the Nation by EXCISES and a STANDING ARMY.  It is extracted from the first Volume of Rushworth’s Collections, and having therefore been so often in Print, we shall only lay before our Readers the following remarkable Paragraph taken out of it.

In the first Place (says the Jesuit to the Rector) we take into Consideration the King’s Honour, and present Necessity; and we shew how the King may free himself of his Ward, as Lewis XI. did.  And for his great Splendor and Lustre, he may raise a vast Revenue, and not be beholding to his Subjects; which is by way of Imposition of EXCISE.  Then our Church Catholicks proceed to shew the Means how to settle this Excise, which must be by a mercenary Army of Horse and Foot.

After the Jesuit’s Letter Mr. D’Anvers in a second Letter gives an Account of an Attempt which has been lately made by the famous Mr. H[ande]l, upon the Liberties and Properties of all who love Operas: It may not be amiss to inform our Country Readers, that tho’ there is some Foundation for a Letter of this kind from what happen’d lately at the Oratorio of Deborah, (upon which Accident he may see an Epigram in our BEE, No. VIII.) yet that Mr. D’Anvers is generally thought to have something more in his View.

The Rise and Progress of Mr. H—l’s Power and Fortune [...]




Apr 17


AT the KING’s THEATRE in the

HAY-MARKET, this present Tuesday, being the 17th

Day of April, will be Revived,





Composed by Mr. HANDEL.

And to be performed by a great Number of the best Voices

and Instruments.

The House to be fitted up and illuminated in a new

and particular Manner.

TICKETS will be delivered at the Office in the Hay-

Market This Day, at Half a Guinea each.


To begin at Half an Hour after six o’Clock.




To be Perform’d,

At Whitehall Chapel,

By the Gentlemen of his Majesty’s Chapel-Royal,

and the best Hands,


This Day the 17th of this Instant April will be



compos’d upon his Majesty’s Return from Hanover

(both perform’d at St. James’s Chapel-Royal): And Part of

the Song of Deborah and Barak, paraphras’d from the 5th

Chapter of Judges.

All with Voices and Instruments, and set to Musick by Dr.

Maurice Greene, Composer and Organist to his Majesty.

The Performance to begin at 12 o’Clock.

Tickets will be deliver’d at Half a Guinea each Ticket.

N. B.  The Performances of Church-Musick at Whitehall-

Chapel are for augmenting a Fund for the Widows, &c. of the

Gentlemen of the Chapel-Royal, who die in his Majesty’s


Tickets may be had at Mr. Jackson’s, Bookseller, in Pall-

Mall, near St. James’s Gate; Mr. King’s, Bookseller, in

Westminster-Hall; Mr. Green’s, Bookseller, at Charing-

Cross; Mr. Brown’s, Bookseller, at the Black Swan without

Temple-Bar; Mr. Innys’s, Bookseller, at the West-End of

St[.] Paul’s Cathedral; Mr. Meadows’s, Bookseller, at the

Angel in Cornhill, over-against the Royal-Exchange.




May 5

[Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, Saturday 5 May 1733]


I never in all my life heard a better piece of musick nor better perform’d – the famous Castrato, Senesino made the principal Actor the rest were all Italians who sung with very good grace and action, however, the Audience was very thin so that I believe they get not enough to pay the Instruments in the orchestra.  I was surprised to see the number of Instrumental Masters for there were 2 Harpsichords, 2 large basse violins each about 7 foot in length at least with strings proportionable that cou’d not be less than a ¼ of an inch diameter, 4 violoncellos, 4 bassoons, 2 Hautbois, 1 Theorbo lute & above 24 violins.  These made a terrible noise & often drown’d the voices.  One Signior Montagnania sung the bass with a voice like a Canon.  I never remember to have heard any thing like him.  amongst [sic] the violins were 2 Brothers of the name Castrucci who play’d with great dexterity.




May 19 [premiere]

Just[ice Gryphus].  D’ye hear, Mr. Constable — see that they be forth-coming at my Return from the Grand Jury, where my Brother Justices and I are going to indict Operas, Ridottos, Oratorios, and Bawdy-houses.




May 23

May 23, 1733. / Her Majesty Queen Caroline, has been Graciously pleased to give a Benefaction of 1000 l. towards finishing the new Building of Queen’s College Oxon; of which the Queens Consorts of England, are by the Charter of King Edward the third, declar’d Patronesses in Succession: [...]




May 24

[Charles Delafaye to the Earl of Essex]


Whitehall May 24th. 1733.


My Lord,


It has been intended some time to send a

Messenger to your Excy. but as there is no pressing occasion

for it, the usual Hurry towards ye Close of a Session has

delayd it. It is hoped all ye parliamentary Business

may be finishd so as that ye Houses may rise on this Day

sev’night ; which every body longs for, that they

may go & breath fresh Air in ye Country.

[deciphered numerical code:]

We have at length the Court of Spain’s Answer to

the late proposal from the Court of Vienna: They do not

accept it, But leave room for further Negociation, which

looks to me like gaining time, in hopes that troubles may arise upon the

Polish Election and give them an opportunity of obtaining better terms. [172v]

[normal text:]

Here is like to be a Schism in ye Musical

World; Hendel is become so arbitrary a prince, that

the Town murmurs, Senesino not being able to submit

any longer to his Tyranny threatens to revolt and in

conjunction with Cazzona to set up a separate Congregation

at Lincolns Inn Fields, which it is thought will be

sooner full than that for ye Hay Market, tho’

Heydegger, who is in great Distress spares no pains

to repair ye Loss by getting new Singers of ye first

Distinction from Italy.

I am with ye utmost Zeal & Respect,

My Lord

Your Excy’s

most humble & most

obedient Servant

Ch: Delafaye







late May

LONDON, June 2.

We are credibly inform’d that one Day last Week Mr.

H–d–1, Director-General of the Opera-House, sent a

Message to Signior Senesino, the famous Italian Singer,

acquainting Him that He had no farther Occasion for

his Service; and that Senesino reply’d the next Day

by a Letter, containing a full Resignation of all his Parts

in the Opera, which He had perform’d for many Years

with great Applause. —— We hope the polite Mr.

Walsingham will give us Leave to observe, upon this

Occasion, that the World seems greatly ASTONISH’D at so

unexpected an Event; and that all true Lovers of Musick

GRIEVE to see so fine a Singer dismiss’d, in so

critical a Conjuncture.




May 29

Last Night the King, Queen, Prince, and the

three eldest Princesses, were at the King’s Theatre

in the Hay-market, and saw the Opera called





Jun 4

Last monday night there [sic] Royal Highnesses the Duke and the Princess Amelia, were at the New Theatre in the Hay market, and saw the Opera of opera’s, or Tom Thumb the Great, set to musick after the Italian manner; and the same met with universal applause, the Humour being entirely new.




Jun 9

On Saturday Night their Royal Highnesses the three eldest Princesses were at his Majesty’s Theatre in the Hay-market, to see the Opera of Grisalde, which being the last Time of Performing, Signior Senisino addressed himself to the Audience, in an Italian Speech, which the Polite Part of them received with Approbation.




Jun 16

[Lord De la Warr to the Duke of Richmond]


June the 16: 1733

[...] There is A Spirit got up against the Dominion of Mr Handel, A

Subscription carry’d on, and Directors chosen, who have contracted

with Senisino, and have sent for Cuzzoni, and Farrinelli, it is hoped

he will come as soon as the Carneval of Venice is over, if not sooner.

The General Court gave power to contract with any Singer Except

Strada [who remained with Handel’s company], So that it is Thought

Handel must fling up, which the Poor Count [Heidegger] will not be

sorry for, There being no one but what declares as much for him, as

against the Other [Handel], so that we have A Chance of Seeing

Operas once more on A good foot. Porpora is also sent for. We doubt

not but we shall have your Graces Name in our Subscription List.

The Directrs. chosen are as follows. D. of Bedford, Lds. Bathurst,

Burlington, Cowper, Limmerick, Stair, Lovel, Cadogan, DeLawarr,

& D. of Rutland. Sr John Buckworth. Henry Furnese Esq. Sr Micl.

Newton; There seems great Unanimity, and Resolution to carry on

the Undertaking comme il faut.




Jun 22

Great Preparations are making for Mr Handel’s Journey to Oxford, in order to take his Degree of Doctor of Musick; a Favour that University intends to compliment him with, at the ensuing Publick Act.  The Theatre there is fitting up for the Performance of his Musical Entertainments, the first of which begins on Friday Fortnight the 6th of July.  We hear that the Oratorio’s of Esther and Deborah, and also a new one never perform’d before, called Athalia, are to be represented two Nights each; and the Serenetta of Acis and Galatea as often.  That Gentleman’s Great Te Deum, Jubiliate, and Anthems, are to be vocally and instrumentally performed by the celebrated Powell, and others, as a solemn Entertainment for the Sunday[.]  The Musick from the Opera is to attend Mr. Handel; and we are inform’d that the principal Parts in his Oratorio’s, &c. are to be by Signora Strada, Mrs Wright, Mr Salway, Mr Rochetti, and Mr Wartzs.




Jun 23

We hear that Subscriptions are actually in great Forwardness for having two

different Opera’s next Winter, one at the King’s Theatre in the Haymarket,

under the Direction of Messrs. Handel and Heydegger, and the other to be at

one of the Playhouses, under the Management of Directors chosen among the


Signor Carastini, Signor Schaltzs, and Signora Durastanti, are engag’d by

Mr. Handel to come over from Italy to perform in the former, as is likewise

Signora Antonina from Portugal: the latter are to have Signor Senesino and

Signora Cuzzoni, two Voices that were once the Delight of our Nobility,

and the Envy of all Europe.




Jun 28


HAving lately read a collection of entertaining and

agreeable poems, I found a beautiful burlesque, or

parody, of a very unmeaning copy of verses wrote by A.

P——ps Esq; which I send you to publish in your Journal.

I do not doubt but the public will be pleased with

the humorous ridicule of such sort of poetical productions,

as are only sound without sense.




LITTLE Syren of the stage,

Charmer of an idle age;

Empty warbler, breathing lyre,

Wanton gale of fond desire;

Bane of ev’ry manly art,

Sweet enfeebler of the heart:

Oh, too pleasing is thy strain,

Hence, to southern clime again:

Tuneful mischief, vocal spell,

To this island bid farewell,

Leave us, as we ought to be,

Leave the Britons, rough and free.





“In a fair cherub’s room, some earthly peer

“Succeeds, his form more lovely and more dear;

“Devout at six, relapsing at seven,

Handel and Satan are too hard for heaven;




Jul 2

Oxford, July 2.  Our Publick Act opens next Thursday Afternoon about Five o’Clock: Almost all our Houses not only within the City, but without the Gates, are taken up for Nobility, Gentry, and others: many of the Heads of Houses and other Gentlemen of the University of Cambridge will be here on Wednesday Night; and we are so hurry’d about Lodging, that almost all the Villages within three or four Miles of this City, make a good Hand of disposing of their little neat Tenements on this great Occasion.




Jul 4

[Dowager Duchess of Leeds to the Duke of Leeds]


Londn. July ye 4th


[...] I am at present in top

spirits wth ye ye [sic] certainity [sic] of having

a very good opera here next winter,

in opposition to Handell, they are to

be performd at Lincoln inn Play house,

ye performers are Sinesini, Cozzona,

& two other very good ones from Italy.

& chelestina & a man yt is sent for, are to

play a Commick part between ye acts; ye [217v]

subscription for this is full, & Handel

has not got 20 Subscribers yet, so most

people think he will drop his opera,


I wish Camargo & Sally wou’d come

& dance at our opera & yt I think

we shou’d want nothing; [...]




[John Corry to the Earl of Essex in Turin, 4 July 1733]


I suppose you’l gett as much of Musick as you can while you are on the other side [of] the Mountains, it seems to be at [an] end here. Senesino[,] Handle, & waggon Lo[ads] of performers are this week gon to Oxford to Sta[rt] at the oratorios, to divert ye Country folk, there will be sweat enough for 8 or 10 days.




Jul 7

Musica Sacra Dramatica, Sive Oratorium.


Satis superque audivimus Orphea

Pronos morantem fluminis impetus:

Saltus et auritos ferasque

Ducere carminibus peritum.

Pellaee Princeps, omnipotens lyra

Te vicit, Hosti cedere nefeium:

Iras amoresque excitavit

Timotheus variente dextra.

Procul profani cedite Musici,

Non ficta rerum, non steriles soni,

At sancta castas mulcet aures

Materies sociata chordis.

O Suada, sacro digna silentio,

Seu blanda saevi pectoris impetum

Delinit, aut victrix triumphos

Ingeminat graviore plectro.

Auditis? O qui consonus intonat

Vocum tumultus! Tollitur altius

Iucundus horror, proripitque

Ad superos animam sequacem.

Vicissitudo lenior anxiam

Suspendit aurem, dum sociabilis

Sermo sonorus praeparabit

Grande melos vice gratiori.

Iam segniori Musica murmurat

Profunda pulsu: praescia dum canit

Debora venturum triumphum, et

Fausta Deo praeeunte bella.

Ad arma circum classica provocant

Ad arma valles pulsaque littora:

Iam refluo Baracus ingens

Mergit equos equitesque fluxu.

Audin minaci murmure cornua

Laesa? En! tremendis fata tonitribus

Remugit aura, et militaris

Harmoniae fremit omnis horror.

O surge victrix, surge potens Lyra.

Debora, Tu, Barace, minacium

Victor Tyrannorum per urbes

I celebres agita triumphos.

Sed praeparatam iam ferit artifex

Handelus aurem. Musa procax, tace.

Victorias, pompas, triumphos

Ille canet melior Poeta.




[translation: C. H. Gifford]


Musica Sacra Dramatica, sive Oratorium (Carmine Lyrico)


Too often have we heard how Orpheus’ Art

Would halt th’ impetuous Motion of the Stream:

The list’ning Glades and Beasts

Skilful to lead in Song.


Great Pella’s Prine, the Lyre omnipotent

Hath conquer’d thee, whom never Foe might quell:

Timotheus[’] varied Touch

Bade Love and Anger flow.


Hence ye profane Musicians, be ye gone!

No fancied Tales, no unavailing Sounds,

But join’d to Strings, a Theme

Holy doth woo pure Ears: [322]


Persuasion, fittest heard in holy Calm,

Or mildly when the Rage of savage Breast

She soothes, or conqu’ring, hymns

Triumph with ampler Sweep:


But hark, the Voices how they thunder forth

Harmonious Tumult! Higher yet is borne

Glad Horror, and the Soul

Obedient rapt to Heav’n.


And now a softer Variance doth suspend

The troubled Ear, till Speech in Unison

Sonorous shall lead on

The grand Song gratefully.


Then doth the Musick Murm’rings make profound

With Pulse more idle; and prophetick sings

Deborah sure Triumph, and

Blest Wars when GOD doth guide.


To Arms around the Trumpets loud invoke,

To Arms the Valleys and the echoing Coasts;

Great Barak’s refluent Wave

Rider and Steed doth whelm.


Hark, how with threat’ning Murmur are the Horns

Bruised! The Fates with dreadful Thunderings

Now th’ Air resounds, and War

Harmonious rolls around.


Arise victorious, thou whose Lyre prevail’d

Deborah! Whom threat’ning Tyrants own’d their Lord,

Barak, thro’ all our Towns

Thy populous Triumphs drive.


But Handel’s Master Touch now comes to play

On Ears expectant. Forward Muse, be still!

For Vict’ries, Triumphs, Pomps

No Bard can sing so well.




Jul 10


Oxford, July 10.  Yesterday about One o’Clock, the Vice-Chancellor,

accompany’d by the Heads of Houses, the Doctors in their Boots and Robes,

and the other Members of the University properly habited, repair’d again

to the Theatre, where was present a vast Concourse of Nobility, and other

Persons of Distinction, of both Sexes. […] As the Solemnity

in conferring the Degrees on the Gentlemen before mention’d, engag’d

the Theatre to a very late Hour of that Afternoon, Mr. Handel’s new Oratorio,

call’d Athalia, was defer’d till this Day, when it was perform’d with

the utmost Applause, and is esteem’d equal to the most celebrated of that

Gentleman’s Performances; there were 3700 Persons present. […] The

Verses mentioned in my former to have been spoken by young Noblemen and

others, on Friday last, at the Opening of the Act, were as follow[s]: […]

Upon Oratorio’s, by Mr. Buckeridge, a Gent. Commoner

of St. John’s: […]

[among the verses presented at the Act’s opening were “On the King,”

“On the Royal Family,” and “On the Illustrious House of Orange.”]




Jul 11

On Wednesday last the Act ended at Oxford;

at which was present a great Number of Nobility

and Gentry.  Mr. Handel’s Oratorio’s were

exceedingly approved. [...]




[Bellus Homo et Academicus]



Et quae tanta Italos tibi causa videndi,

Cui veneranda vetustatis miracula sordent? [5]



Ridiculae potiùs nugae, sed non adeò omnis

Effusus labor est, nec me mea cura fefellit.

Quae sola in votis fuerant, juvenesque politos,

Invitare solent delectamenta, canoris

Fabellis Italûm Larvatorumque chorëis




Egregiusque adeò pro Judice morum

Formarum spectator adest!



Ibi membra movere

Molliùs, invideatque quod HANDELII concentus,

Edidici, varia argutae modulamina vocis.

Sed me prae reliquis dulci novitate tenebat

Gallia, gnara dapum, & cultûs foecunda politi.

O mores lepidos, lusus, coenasque Deorum!

Suaviter hìc Talis, Cyathis, Choreisque vacanti

O quàm blanda mihi, quàm mellea defluit aetas!

Concinno hinc tunicam sectus de more, repexi

Hinc refluas de fronte comas, hinc totus ad unguem

Factus homo, Nymphas inter molli eliquo voce

Versiculum fòrs dimidium, argutumve leporem.

Muneris & totum est vestrî, ornatissima tellus,

Quòd placeam, & centrum est me perplacuisse Puellis;

Quòd me depereant, quas expugnare decenni

Obsidio vobis haud concessere Camoenae,

Haud Logicae technae, nodosae haud illius artes ——

Quis fuit? O teneo Nomen——Py—Pythagogorae.



Sch.  In Italy what could you Fancy please

Who slight such ancient Monuments as these?


B.  Mere Trifles all! – Yet I may justly boast

My Aim not mist nor was my Labour lost.

What all Well-bred wish and admire I had

In Music, Opera’s and Masquerade.


Sch.  (Sweet judge of Manners this; whose Search might prove

Forms, Faces, Fashions!) ————


B.  ———— O how I could move

My pliant Limbs!  Then for a warbling Throat,

Handel may envy me; not reach my Note.

But France all other Parts doth far excel

In Dyer, Dress; Living, and looking well.

Sweet pleasing Course! Balls, Entertainments, Plays,

Cups, and Quadrille! O how I spent my Days!

Well shap’d Attire, and Locks which backward flow

The Man complete, even to a <li>ttle Shew.

Among the Nymphs comes forth in softer Tone,

A Verse, half, or smart saying of my own.

Accomplish’d Land! ’Tis owing to thine Air

That I could please (and sure have pleas’d) the Fair.

Hence ’tis that with a Glance I Conquest gain,

While you a ten Years Siege attempt in vain.

With Muses, Logic-Quirks; and think who ’twas

With’s knotty Arts —— O Pythagogoras.




Jul 11

[Viscount Percival’s Diary, Wednesday 11 July 1733]



I heard this day that the Prince has had a child by Mrs. Vane’s

chambermaid, for whom he has bought a house in London, and is

buying another in the country, which has fretted Mrs. Vane into

a consumption; that he attempted to gain the favours of

Mrs. Bartholdi, the Italian singer, and likewise of the Duchess of

Ancaster’s daughter, but both in vain.  I am extremely concerned

at these accounts, which I have the best assurances to be true.




Jul 21

Just published,

MUSICK Engrav’d on Copper-Plates,


6. The Operas of Julius Caesar, Rodelinda, Scipio,

Alexander, and the rest of Mr. HANDEL’s

Opera’s in Score, and for the Flute.


Engraved, Printed and sold by THOMAS COEB,

at his Printing Office in Bow Church-Yard; and by

B. CREAK, at the Red Bible in Ave-Maria Lane,

new St. Paul’s.




Jul 26

[Baron Romney to the Duke of Leeds in Paris]


July 26 [OS] 1733

My Lord

If I had not the pleasure of hearing from your Grace I beleive [sic] I should [not] have sent you an account of [the] Act; but now I have your word that you shall like it, I do it with a great deal more pleasure.  It began on the thursday night [5 July] with the Oratorio of Esther, not perform’d as we have heard it in the Christ Church box, as you will easily beleive when I tell you that Powell, Mrs Wright [page] & Mr. Salway sang instead of Senesini[,] Bertoldi, & scelestini, & that the Musicians were few, where of which Mr Mattis was one, who by the way I hear is going to leave Oxford in order to be in the Orchestre next winter at Senesini[’s] Passo Tempo (the new name for an opera). there was a great deal of Company, tho not near so many as there were the next day [Friday, 6 July] at the Exercises when the Theatre was full[,] there being about three thousand people ... Saturday [7 July] ... at night we had Esther for the second time when it was much better perform’d than before.  Sunday [8 July] we had Handels Te Deum & two exceeding good Sermon[s.] ... The next day [Tuesday, 10 July] ... at night the new Oratorio of Athaliah was perform[’d.] which by what I could hear of it (for we were very much crowded) seem’d to be very pretty but I must defer [g]iving you a better a[cc]ount of that till Winter. ...

Yours sincerely Romney




[Compendio della vita di G. F. Handel]


The author of this narrative having forgotten a circumstance

of about the year 1738, which helped not a little to reestablish

Handel’s credit and to put his affairs in order again,

I may be allowed to mention it, as it brought both honour and

gain to Handel, and among a very numerous company of

Strangers I was present there.  Having decided to celebrate

the Public Art [=Act] with great solemnity, and thinking there would

be a much greater number of people if it were accompanied

by some popular entertainment suited to the ladies and others

who would be little pleased with the usual scientific proceedings,

the University of Oxford invited Handel to come and

give a performance of an Oratorio or some solemn music on

that occasion for a very generous fee though not pretending

to say generally what it should be.  But they say it was sufficient

for the transport of the whole orchestra there and back,

as well as the pay of all the musicians, who were little short of

100, for all the time they were away from London, which

was about a fortnight.  They say the lowest player received

a pound a day, and the singers much more according to the

pay they require.  Handel was so scrupulous in his choice of

virtuosi for this performance that there was not a single poor

performer; and for their part they competed so to shew their

respect for the Master for being chosen on this occasion according

to their merit and not by their engagements, that everyone

of them appeared so well dressed that it looked an orchestra

of cavaliers.  The success of the Oratorio matched completely

the work of the virtuosi and the splendour of the performance,

and it was said that Handel took back to London £4,000 clear

of all expense.




OPERAS after the ITALIAN manner.

DEBORAH. An ORATORIO: Or, Sacred Drama.  As it is Perform’d at the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market.  The Musick Compos’d by Mr. HANDEL.  The Words by Mr. HUMPHREYS.

ATHALIA.  An ORATORIO: or SACRED DRAMA.  As Perform’d at the Theatre in Oxford.  At the Time of the Publick Act.  The Musick Compos’d by Mr. HANDEL.  The Drama by Mr. HUMPHREYS.

ACIS and GALATEA: An English Pastoral OPERA in Three Acts.  Set to Musick by Mr. HANDEL.

ULYSSES.  An OPERA.  As it is Perform’d at the Theatre Royal in Lincoln’s-Inn Fields.  The Musick Compos’d by Mr. JOHN CHRISTOPHER SMITH, Junior.  The Words by Mr. HUMPHREYS.

AMELIA.  A New English OPERA.  As it is Perform’d at the New Theatre in the Hay-Market.  Set to Musick by Mr. John Frederick Lampe.




Aug 10/21

[Handel to Michael Dietrich Michaelsen]


London den 21/10 Augusti 1733.


et tres Hon[n]oré Frere


Ich empfing deßen HochgeEhrtestes vom verwichenen

Monath mit der Innlage von unsern liebwehrtesten

Anverwandten in Gotha, worauf mit dieser Post

geantwortet. Ich freue mich von Herzen deßelben

und sämptlichen Wehrtesten Famille gutes Wohlseyn

zu vernehmen, als deßen beharrliche Continuation ich

allstets anerwünsche. Sonsten sehe die große

Mühewaltung so sich mein HochgeEhrtester Herr Brüder

abermahl genom[m]en wegen der Einnahme und Ausgabe

vom vergangenen Jahre vom ersten July 1732 bis dreysigsten

July 1733, wegen meiner Seeligen Fr. Mutter hinterlaßenen

Hauses, und muß mier meine schuldige Dankbarkeit

deßfalls vorbehalten.                Es erwehnet

mein HochgeEhrter Herr Bruder daß es wohl nöthig

wäre daß ich solches selbsten in Augenschein nähmen

möchte, aber, wie sehr ich auch verlange denenselbigen

Ihriges Orths eine Visite zu machen so wollen den[n]och

der mier bevorstehende unvermeidliche Verrichtungen, so mich [1v]

gewiss sehr überhäuffen solches Vergnügen mier nicht vergönnen,

will aber bedacht sein meine Sentiments deßfalls

schrifftlich zu senden.             Es hat mein HochgeEhrter Herr Bruder

sehr wohl gethan sich zu erinnern meiner lieben Seeligen

Fr. Mutter letzten Willen wegen Ihres Leichensteines

zu beobachten, und hoffe daß derselbe wird selbigen

vollfüllen.                Ich ersehe aus der überschickten

Rechnung daß die Fr. Händelin so im Hause

wohnet sechs reichsthaler des Jahres Stubenzinß

gibet, ich könte wünschen daß solcher ins künfftige

Ihr erlaßen werden möchte so lange als Sie beliebet

darinnen zu wohnen.        Ich übersende hierbey

verlangter maaßen die überschickte Rechnung

von mier unterschrieben, meine obligation desfals

werde gewiß nicht in vergeßenheit stellen. Ich

mache meine ergebenste Empfehlung an dero

HochgeEhrteste Fr. Liebste. grüße zum schönsten

die wehrte Täustische Famille und alle gute Freunde.

Ich werde bald wiederum meinem HochgeEhrtesten Herrn Bruder

beschwehrlich fallen, hoffe aber, da ich deßelben Gutheit [2r sideways]

kenne, deßfalls deßen pardon zu erhalten,

ich bitte zu glauben daß ich lebenslang

mit aller auffrichtigen Ergebenheit verbleiben werde

Meines Insonders HochgeEhrtesten Herrn Bruders

bereitwilligst gehorsamster Diener

George Friedrich Händel. [2v sideways]



A Monsieur

Monsieur Michael Dietrich Michaëlsen

Conseiller de Guerre de Sa Majesté Prussienne



en Saxe.






Aug 20

[P.P.P. to the Duke of Newcastle, Secretary of State, 20 August 1733]


My concern for the safety of the persons of theyr sacred Majesties and of theyr Royal children, obliges me to give your Grace the trouble, to acquaint you, that there are two persons having immediate imployment about the persons of the whole Royal family at certain times, who may become instruments of some detestable and desperate attempts, if the Encouragement which may be taken from theyr being in those imployments be not timely prevented; My Lord there are two brothers both papists, whose place it is the one; to let in the King and Queen, into theyr lodge or box at the opera in the haymarket, and the other to let in theyr Royal highnesses into theyr box or lodge at the same playhouse; they were in actual possession of those trusts, I may call em [sic] such; last winter; and in all likelyhood will be next winter also:




Sep 24

[Duke of Newcastle to the Earl of Essex]


[“Hampton Court / Sepr. 24th 1733”]


Cuzzoni they say don’t come, so yt if

Hendel avail his Manieres, He might

gett the better of his enemies, for he

will have the advantage in performers.




Nov 3

The Musick to be perform’d in the Royal Chapel at the Solemnity of the Princess

Royal’s Marriage, is now composing by Mr. Handel. [this is followed by the text of





Nov 5

On Monday the Musick composed by Mr. Handell,

to be perfom’d at the Nuptials of the Princess

Royal with the Prince of Orange, was perform’d

before the Royal Family at St. James’s.

Several Additions having been made to the

Nuptial Anthem, the Words are now as follow[s]





Nov 12

ON Monday the 12th Instant, at a Meeting

held at the Bedford-Head-Tavern in Covent-

Garden, of Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy, all

true Lovers of Musick, It was unanimously

agreed, to desire Seignor S———o to sing this

Winter at the Theatre in Lincoln’s-Inn-Fields, on


to Seignor H——l, who, as we are credibly

inform’d, designs to perform in the Hay-market





Nov 20

[R Powys to unknown recipient]


[...] Handel’s Opera is very bad as possibly

can be, Senesino’s wont begin this fortnight yet we are

certainly to have Cuzzoni, I hope that will soon entice

you up



Novr: 20 [1733]




Nov 20

Last Night their Majesties, the Prince, and the three eldest Princesses

were at the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, and saw the Opera called Otho.




Dec 2

[Earl of Egmont’s Diary, Sunday 2 December 1733]


[...] the breach between him [Prince] and the King being so

great that he has not spoken this twelvemonth to his sister the

Princess Royal, which must be supposed the order of the King. [...]




Dec 13

[Charles Jennens, Queen Square, to John Ludford, 13 December 1733]



How two Opera Houses will subsist after Christmas, I can’t tell; but at

present we are at some difficulty for the Support of One; & Mr. Handel has

been forc’d to drop his Opera three nights for want of company.




Dec 22

[Bünau in Dresden to Gio. Giacomo Zamboni, 22 December 1733]


Please convey my greetings to all the friends who honour me with their remembrance,

and give me a brief report of what is happening there.  Don’t forget to tell me whether

the contre-opéra has begun and how Handel has fared up to now.




Dec 24

Last Night there was a Rehearsal of a new Opera at the Prince of Wales’s House

in the Royal Gardens in Pall-Mall, where was present a great Concourse of the Nobility

and Quality of both Sexes: Some of the choicest Voices and Hands assisted in the Performance.




Dec 31

[Thomas Bowen to the Earl of Essex]


31. Decr. 1733


My Lord


After mine of last week I trouble your

Lordsp with this only to forward to you the inclosed from

Mr: Correy. When all the world is in discord, and your

Lordsp so near a great part of the bustle of it, perhaps it

may not be unwelcome to you to hear how the State of

Harmony (I mean the Operas) goes on here. On Saturday

last Senesino Opened the New House in Lincoln’s Inn fields

with an Opera of Ariadne; The whole Royal Family was

there, and the House so Crowded that many of the Ladies

could not get to their Coaches ’till eleven a Clock, and

came home so late that some of their Husbands I beleive

thought ’em otherwise Employed. [...]




More could not be said of one of Handel’s Opera’s, if the poetical part of those compositions

were equal to his excellent music.




[The Man of Taste]


Without Italian, or without an ear,

To Bononcini’s musick I adhere:

Musick has charms to sooth a savage beast,

And therefore proper at a Sheriffs feast.

My soul has oft a secret pleasure found,

In the harmonious Bagpipe’s lofty sound.

Bagpipes for men, shrill German-flutes for boys,

I’m English born, and love a grumbling noise.

The Stage should yield the solemn Organ’s note,

And Scripture tremble in the Eunuch’s throat.

Let Senesino sing, what David writ,

And Hallelujahs charm the pious pit.

Eager in throngs the town to Hester came,

And * Oratorio was a lucky name.

Thou, Heeideggre! the English taste has found,

And rul’st the mob of quality with sound.

In Lent, if Masquerades displease the town,

Call ’em Ridotto’s, and they still go down: [14]

Go on, Prince Phyz! to please the British nation,

Call thy next Masquerade a Convocation.







In that dear Place [i.e. Italy], ’twas there,

I learn’d to want great Handel’s easy Air;

There was I taught Musick’s bewitching Charms,

To form the Voice, and wave the pliant Ars.


* A new Name that Heeideggre [sic] the Master of the Opera House gave to the Opera of Hester.