1723

 

 

before Jan 12

Anastasia Robinson to Giuseppe Riva

Sr

Not knowing how to ask you to give your self the trouble of coming here, and necessity obliging me to beg a favour of you, I must do it by writing. I am very sensible the Musick of my Part is exstreamly fine, but am as sure the Caracter causes it to be of that kind, which no way suits my Capacity: those Songs that require fury and passion to exspress them, can never be performed by me according to the intention of the Composer, and consequently must loose their Beauty. Nature design’d me a peaceable Creature, and it is as true as strange, that I am a Woman and can-not Scold. My request is, that if it be possible (as sure it is) the words of my Second Song Pensa spietata Madre should be changed, and instead of reviling Gismonda with her cruelty, to keep on the thought of the Recitative and perswade her to beg her Sons life of Ottone. I have read the Drama and tho I do not pretend to be a judge, yet I fancy doing this would not be an impropriety, but even suposing it one, of two evills it is best to chuse the least; in this manner you might do me the greatest favour immaginable, because then a Short Melancholly Song would be proper. I have some dificultys allso in the last I Sing, but for fear that by asking too much I might be refus’d all, I dare not mention them. And now I beg of you to believe no other motive induces me to give you this trouble, but the just fear I have that it would be impossible for me to perform my Part tollerably. By your granting what I so exstreamly desire, I shall have a double satisfaction, being gratify’d in what I insist on, and the pleasure of knowing you to be a real Friend to she who is Sr your obliged humble servant

            Anastasia Robinson

 

 

 

Sr

            You are naturally to much enclined to laugh at me, therfore to avoid giving you an occasion by writing in Italian I shall in English tell you, I have great hope’s Sigr Bononcini’s Demands may be agreed to, tho in another form than that which he propos’d, the difficulty is to get the Benefit Day certain for they would have it to depend on their favour and generosity (a wretched dependance indeed), I took the liberty to say what they designed doing, must be by Contract, for tho Bononcini was a Papist, yet he had been long enough in that Heretical unbelieving Country, to loose all his Faith.

            You see I have little to accquaint you with; to Morrow it is possible I may know more, and if I do, you shall allso; thus much for our friends business. Now I want your advice for my self, you have hear’d my new Part, and the more I look at it, the more I find it is impossible for me to sing it; I dare not ask Mr Hendell to change the Songs for fear he should suspect (as he is very likely) every other reason but the true one. Do you believe if I was to wait on Lady Darlington to beg her to use that pover over him (which to be sure she must have) to get it done, that she would give her self that trouble, would she have so much compassion on a distressed Damsell that they are endeavouring to make an abbominable Scold of (in spite of her Vertuous inclinations to the contrary) as to hinder the wrong they would do her; you might be my friend and represent, tho the greatest part of my Life has shew’d me to be a Patient Grisell by Nature, how then can I ever pretend to act the Farmegant. But to speak seriously I desire you will tell me whether it would be wrong to beg my Lady Darlington to do me this very great favour, and you think she should do it, for Sr your obliged humble Servant

            Anastasia Robinson

 

 

 

Jan 5

Last Week arrived here the famous Italian Lady Cotzani,

that we have formerly spoken of.  ’Tis said, she is the finest

Performer that ever Italy produced, which has raised the

Expectations of People here to a very great Height; so that

they promise themselves much more Satisfaction this Winter,

than the Theatre has ever yet been able to afford them.

 

 

 

Jan 8

Cotzani, the famous Italian Lady, we hear, begins to

sing at the Theatre in the Hay-Market this Evening: She is

to have 2000 l. for her Performance this Season. On Tuesday

she had the Honour to sing before their Royal Highnesses, and

several of the Nobility at Leicester-House.

 

 

 

Jan 12

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 12th of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Pit and Boxes to be put together, and in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be deliver’d out this Day, at Mrs. White’s Chocolate-House in St. James’s-street, at Half a Guinea each. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Jan 12

Mr. MIST,

I Am obliged to take Notice of a virulent Libel upon me,

that appeared under the Title of Annus Mirabilis, and

pretends to be written by ABRAHAM GUNTER, Philomath.

The Author is pleased to tell us, that on Saturday the 8th of

December, through the Influence of a strange Conjunction, the

whole Humane Species were to be affected in a Change of their

Sexes; and that I particularly should, about Eight of the

Clock that Evening, make an unusual Motion, and be seized

with a strong Succession of the Muscles in my lower Parts. This is

a flagrant Scandal on me, who have neither made any such

Motion, nor felt any such Succession. It was past Eight of the

Clock before I sung the Song of Si videte, &c. and I took

out my Watch on the Stage before the Audience, to convince

them that the threaten’d Hour was past without any such Change,

as was pretended should affect me. And, indeed, the Abuse

is no less on Mr. Gunter, who, I believe to be a very honest

Man, and, I dare say, very innocent of this Libel; for I find,

upon Enquiry, that it has POP’d out upon the World from

the Contrivance of two Wits in Conjunction; but if such

Defamation be their best Talent, I think they ARE-BOTH-NOT

worthy of that Character. I declare to you, Sir, and I desire

you to declare for me to the World, that I, by Order, that

Night about Eleven, communicated the State of my Affairs to

Mr. H---gg---r, who, upon the most candid Inspection and

Examination of Matters, is ready to testify, that I have no more

of the negative Quality peculiar to the Females, nor that I am

positively any more a Man than usual. Believe me to be, in

Recitativo,

SIR,

Your Well-wisher,

And humble Servant,

SENZINO.

 

 

 

Jan 12

Seignora Cuzzani, the famous Italian Lady, lately

arrived, began to sing at the Theatre in the Hay-

Market on Saturday last: We hear she is to have

2,000 l. for her performing this Season.

 

 

 

Jan 12

His Majesty was at the Theatre in the Hay-Market, when

Seigniora Cotzani performed, for the first Time, to the Surprize

and Admiration of a numerous Audience, who are ever too

fond of Foreign Performers.  She is already jump’d into a

handsome Chariot, and an Equipage accordingly.  The Gentry

seem to have so high a Taste of her fine Parts, that she is

likely to be a great Gainer by them.

 

 

 

Jan 12

On Saturday Night last the celebrated Seniora Cutzoni,

lately arriv’d from Italy, said to exceed all others in Voice

and Judgment, perform’d a Part in the New Opera, call’d

Otho, before his Majesty, and a numerous Audience, with

the greatest Applause imaginable.

 

 

 

Jan 15

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 15th of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Pit and Boxes to be put together, and in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be deliver’d out this Day, at Mrs. White’s Chocolate-House in St. James’s-street, at Half a Guinea each. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Jan 15

A. de Fabrice to Count Flemming

À Londres le 15. de Janvier (1723).

Monsieur.

… A la fin la fameuse Cozzuna est arrivée non seulement, mais Elle a chanté encore à un nouvel Opera de Hendell, nommé Othon, le meme sujet de Celui à Dresden, avec un tres grand aplaudissement, et la Maison remplie comme un Oeuff. C’est aujourdhui la seconde representation et il y a une si grande presse pour y aller qu’on vend deja à 2. ou 3. Guinées le Ticquet, dont le pri Courant est une demy-Guinée; de maniere qu’on en fait presque un Mississippi ou une Sudsée. Outre cela il y a deux Factions, les uns pour Hendell et les autres pour Bononcini, les uns pour Cenesino, et les autres pour la Cossuna, qui sont aussy animés que les Whigs et Torys l’un contre l’autre, et qui partagent les Directeurs meme quelque fois.

London, January 15th, 1722–23.

 

… In the end the famous Cozzuna not merely arrived but even sang in a new opera by Hendell, called Othon—the same subject as the one at Dresden—with enormous success; the house was full to overflowing. Today is the second performance and there is such a run on it that tickets are already being sold at 2 and 3 guineas which are ordinarily half a guinea, so that it is like another Mississippi or South Sea Bubble. Over and above that, there exist two factions, the one supporting Hendell, the other Bononcini, the one for Cenesino and the other for Cossuna. They are as much at loggerheads as the Whigs and Tories, and even on occasion sow dissension among the Directors.

 

 

 

Jan 15

The Governour and Court of Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick do hereby give Notice, That they have appointed a General Court to be held on Wednesday the 23d Instant, at Eleven a-Clock in the Morning, at their Office in the Hay-Market. All the Subscribers belonging to the Corporation are desired to be present at the same time.

 

 

 

Jan 15

New MUSICK just publish’d.

** Six Suits of Lessons for the Harpsichord or Spinnet, in most of the Keys; with Variety of Passages and Variations throughout the Work. Composed by Mr. John Loeillet. Also six Overtures for Violins, in 4 Parts, for Concert. Compos’d by Mr. Handel, Mr. Bononcini, and other eminent Masters. And great Variety of Vocal and Instrumental Musick by the greatest Masters in Europe. Printed for, and sold by John Walsh, Musick-Printer and Instrument-Maker to his Majesty, at the Harp in Katharine-street in the Strand, and John and Joseph Hare at the Viol and Flute in Cornhill near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

Jan 18 or 25

On Friday Night last, the famous Signiora Cuzzoni

sung at the Right Hon. the Earl of Burlington’s,

before a very numerous Assembly of the Nobility, who

express’d a general Satisfaction at the surprizing

Performances of that Lady.

 

 

 

Jan 19

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 19th of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Pit and Boxes to be put together, and in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be deliver’d out this Day, at Mrs. White’s Chocolate-House in St. James’s-street, at Half a Guinea each. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Jan 19

His Majesty was at the Theatre in the Hay-Market, when Seigniora Cotzani performed, for the first Time, to the Surprize and Admiration of a numerous Audience, who are ever too fond of Foreign Performers. She is already jump’d into a handsome Chariot, and an Equipage accordingly. The Gentry seem to have so high a Taste of her fine Parts, that she is likely to be a great Gainer by them.

 

 

 

Jan 22

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 22d of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N.B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Jan 22

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, on Thursday next, being the 24th of January, will be A RIDOTTO; or, BALL. Tickets will be deliver’d To-morrow, at Mrs. White’s Chocolate-House in St. James’s-Street. N. B. The Pit will be cover’d, and there will be Instruments in two Places.

 

 

 

Jan 26

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 26th of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Jan 26

This Day is publish’d by Richard Mears at the Golden Viol in St. Paul’s Church-yard.

All the additional Songs in the Opera of Floridante, engrav’d by Tho. Cross. Price 1 s. 6 d.

Where may be had, all the favourite Songs in the same Opera, also the favourite Songs in Crispus, and the favourite Songs in Mucio Scavolae, and the favourite Songs in Griselda, and the Anthem which was perform’d at the Funeral of his Grace the Duke of Marlborough, compos’d by Mr. Bononcini; and all the Aires in Radamistus transpos’d for the Flute by Mr. Bolton.

 

 

 

Jan 29

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 29th of January, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Jan 31

UN PASSO TEMPO,

AT the Long-Room, at the Opera-House in the Hay-Market, this present Thursday, being the 31st Day of January, with agreeable Entertainments for Ladies and Gentlemen. Tickets to be had at the said Long-Room, at 5 s. each. To begin at Eight a Clock in the Evening.

 

 

 

Jan 31

On Thursday Evening his Grace the Duke of

Newcastle gave a great Entertainment to the

Nobility at his House in Lincoln’s-Inn Fields, where

there was a fine Concert of Vocal and Instrumental

Musick, in which the famous Signiora Cazzoni

perform’d a Part.

 

 

 

January

Johann Mattheson, Critica Musica

Ich kennne Leute und könnte sie bey Nahmen und Zunahmen nennen die eine rechte künstliche richtige Fuge setzen; sind aber nicht dazu angeführet eine geschickte Imitation, mit solcher Anständigkeit vorzunehmen daß nicht der Fugen-Zwang hinten und vorne deutlich hervorrage. Was machts? Sie haben vom unrechten Ende angefangen und die Kunst der Natur vorgezogen.

Wie ein gewisser Weltberühmter Mann zum ersten mahl hier in Hamburg kam wuste er fast nichts als lauter regel-mäßige Fugen zu machen und waren ihm die Imitationes so neu als eine fremde Sprache wurden ihm auch eben so saur. Mir ist es am besten bewust wie er seine allererste Opera Scenen-weiß zu mir brachte und alle Abend meine Gedanken darüber vernehmen wollte welche Mühe es ihm gekostet den Pedanten zu verbergen.1

 

1 Hierüber darff sich niemand wundern. Ich lernte von ihm; so wie er von mir. Docendo enim dicimus.

 

Herr Bokemeyer schreibt ferner so:

XVI.

Die heute zu Tage florirende Maitres, so mehrentheils in der Geschwindigkeit und fremd-lautenden Sätzen wie auch ungebundenen Einfällen ihre grösseste Gloire1 suchen nehmen sich zwar die höchste Freyheit so daß die echte Kunst bey ihnen fast zu exuliren scheinet; allein die verständigsten unter ihnen wissen sie schon zu rechter Zeit obgleich etwas verdeckt an den Mann zu bringen wie unter andern mit Herrn Händels Kirchen-Stücken davon ich einige zu perlustriren das Glück gehabt zu beweisen stehet. Und also bleibt es hoffentlich eine ausgemachte Sache daß die Canones, als die einem Musico-Poetico höchst-nützlich sind mehrer Beobachtung gewürdiget zu werden verdienen und alle Firlefanz-Krämerey damit mancher ohne Uhrsache prahlet dagegen einschencken muß.

1 Pour ce qui est de la gloire, Monsieur, ce n’est pas la peine qu’on a prise, c’est la reiissite qui en decide: c’est la bonté des choses qu’on fait, & non pas l’Art, que l’on a mis à les faire. Hist. de la Mus. Tome, II. p. 36.

When a certain world-famous man came here to Hamburg for the first time, he knew how to compose practically nothing but regular fugues, and if Imitationes were as strange to him as a foreign tongue, they were also just as troublesome. What I can remember best is how he brought me his very first opera, scene by scene, and every evening would ask my thoughts about it, and what pains it cost him to conceal the pedant [in him].…1

 

1 No one need wonder over this. I learnt from him as well as he from me. Docendo enim discimus.

Sonst ist hier am 7den dieses Monaths abermahl eine neue Opera vorgestellet worden welche den Titel: Muzio Scevola führet. Sie ist zwar an sich selbst ganz Italiänisch gesungen; doch in eine feine prosam übersetzet und dazu mit einem Teutschen-Vorspiele gezieret worden. So viel Actus darin befindlich sind eben so viel Componisten haben sich auch dabey signalisiret. Nehmlich drey. Die erste Handlung hat Buononcini gemacht; die andere Mattei (welcher unter dem Nahmen Pipo, i. e. Filippo, in dem Orchestre zu London den Violoncello spielet) und an der dritten Handlung hat Händel seine Kunst bewiesen. Alle diese Meister-Stücke sind uns aus Engelland herüber gesandt worden; ausser dem Prologo, welcher von Kaiser ist. Sollte nun dergleichen musicalische Aristocratie ferner bey den Opern einreissen so dürffte wohl schwerlich vors erste unter den Componisten ein Monarch entstehen; vielweniger hiesiger Orten einer von ihnen sein daher geflossenes Capital wohl zu belegen grosse Sorge tragen.

On the 7th of this month [27th December 1722] again a new opera was presented here, which bore the title: Muzio Scevola. It was sung, ’tis true, entirely in Italian; yet [its dialogue] is translated into a fine prosam, and it is also adorned with a German prologue. As many Actus as are found therein, just so many composers have distinguished themselves with them. Namely, three. Buononcini has composed the first act; the second, Mattei (who under the name of Pipo, i.e. Filippo, plays the violoncello in London) and Händel has shown his art in the third act. All these masterpieces have been sent here to us from England; except the Prologo which is by Kaiser. If such-like musical aristocracy should now become supreme in opera writing, then, first of all, a monarch might arise with difficulty among the composers. Much less might one of them arise here, therefore great care should be taken to invest wisely the capital thrown out [sic].

 

 

 

Feb 2

LONDON.

MAdam Cotzani continues to be greatly caress’d and

admir’d; the House has agreed with her for two Years;

and as her Gains are so very considerable here, there is no

great fear of her leaving us at the Expiration of that Term.

She has it in her Power, no doubt, to make a very considerable

Fortune, since she is not only visited and entertained by

our Nobility and Gentry, but is daily receiving valuable Presents

from them. One has given her a fine Chariot; another

a Pair of Horses; a Third a curious repeating Watch;

a Fourth, a Diamond Necklace; a Fifth, a Pair of Diamond

Earings; so that she already makes a gay Figure amongst us.

It is to be wish’d that our own Performers were encouraged

in the same manner.

 

 

 

Feb 2

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 2d of February, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Feb 3

[John Gay to Jonathan Swift]

 

[“London. Febr. 3. 1722/3.”]

 

[...]

Pope has just now embark’d himself in another great undertaking as an Au-

thor, for of late he has talk’d only as a Gardiner. He has engag’d to

translate the Odyssey in three years, I believe rather out of a prospect

of Gain than inclination, for I am persuaded he bore his part in the loss

of the Southsea. He lives mostly at Twickenham, and amuses himself in

his house and Garden. I supp’d about a fortnight ago with Lord Bathurst

& Lewis at Dr Arbuthnot’s, whenever your old acquaintance meet they

never fail of expressing their want of you. I wish you would come &

be convinc’d that all I tell you is true. As for the reigning Amusement

of the town, tis entirely Musick. real fiddles, Bass Viols and Haut-boys

not poetical Harps, Lyres, and reeds. Theres no body allow’d to say I

sing but an Eunuch or an Italian Woman. Every body is grown now as

great a judge of Musick as they were in your time of Poetry. and folks

that could not distinguish one tune from another now daily dispute about

the different Styles of Hendel, Bononcini, and Attillio. People have now

forgot Homer, and Virgil & Caesar, or at least they have lost their

ranks, for in London and Westminster in all polite conversation’s Senesino

is daily voted to be the greatest man that ever liv’d. [...]

 

 

 

Feb 5

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 5th of February, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Feb 6

[...] certain Projectors have found out

numberless Arts and Devices, and are arrived at

a great Perfection in Inventions, for taking the Time

off our Hands. In order to [do] this, they have

provided the Town with a competent Number of

Taverns, Ale-Houses, Coffee-Houses, Toy-shops,

Theatres, Cock-Pits, Bear-Gardens, and Long Rooms,

where a Man may be very busy, and yet at the same

time think himself about nothing.  Yet all these

Places have been found insufficient to swallow up

the Leisure Hours of many People, and almost

every day produces some new Project to expel

Idleness: Of all which I was wonderfully delighted

the other Day with one, which is contained in the

following Advertisement.

 

By the Order of several Persons of Quality,

AT the Long Room, at the Opera House in the

Hay-market, on Thursday the 31st of January will

be UN PASSO TEMPO, with agreeable Entertainments

for Ladies and Gentlemen.

Tickets to be had at the said long Room at 5 s.

each.

 

This is a sort of Entertainment entirely new and

unheard of in England till last Week; and I was in

good hopes that it would make amends for all the

Deficiencies of Plays, Balls, Opera’s, Masquerades,

Ridotto’s, and other polite Diversions, and answer

the utmost Expectations of the Town; but I am

informed, that the celebrated Mr. H——r has

still something farther in View to oblige the Beau-

monde with, which is preparing with all possible

Expedition, and will excel the Performances even

of the most incomparable Seigniora Cuzzona herself.

Nothing but that Impatience of Idleness, which

is inherent in Mankind, could push them on, at

this extravagant Rate, to encourage Assemblies,

whose only use can be to spend Time, and keep

them awake.  Foreigners, no doubt, think us mad

to throw away our Money in this manner; but I

tell you, Seignior Pasquin, an Englishman had rather

Starve than be Idle.

The same Busy Spirt which carries these People to

Opera’s, Ridotto’s and Passo Tempo’s, works upon others

in another manner, and hurries them about Town

from one Place to another after News and Politicks.

 

[gives example of a man who daily roams the town

in search of intelligence]

 

 

 

Feb 12

[Lord Chamberlain’s Records]

 

These are to Pray and require You to Pay or Cause to be paid to Mr: William Keitch

Hautboi, Mr: Pessenwolt David and Henry Rosha Double Base the sum of sev’n

Pounds Eleven Shillings and Six Pence for their attending one Practice of the Te

Deum and performing in the same before his Maj[es]ty at St. James’s, And for so doing

this shall be your Warr[an]t.  Given under my hand this 12th day of Feb[rua]ry 1722/3

in the Ninth Year of His Majesty’s Reign.

To Charles Stanhope Esq. &c.                                      Holles Newcastle

Marginal entry: Hauteboi & Double Base for performing in the Te Deum at

St James’s

            £7.11.6

 

 

 

Feb 9

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 9th of February, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Feb 12

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 12th of February, will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door; nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Feb 12

Petition by the Grand Jury for the County of Middlesex to the House of Commons

Whereas there has been lately publish’d a Proposal for Six Ridotto’s, or Balls, to be managed by Subscription at the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, &c. We the Grand Jury of the County of Middlesex, sworn to enquire for our Sovereign Lord the King, and the Body of this County, conceiving the same to be a Wicked and unlawfull Design, for carrying on Gaming, Chances by Way of Lottery, and other Impious and Illegal Practices, and which (if not timely suppressed) may promote Debauchery, Lewdness, and ill Conversation: From a just Abhorrence, therefore, of such Sort of Assemblies, which we apprehend are contrary to Law and good Manners, and give great Offence to his Majesty’s good and virtuous Subjects, We do present the same and recommend them to be prosecuted and suppressed as common Nuisances to the Publick, as Nurseries of Lewdness, Extravagance, and Immorality, and also a Reproach and Scandal to Civil Government.

 

 

 

Feb 16

The Court of Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick

in the Hay-market, have lately made a Dividend of Seven

per Cent. on their Capital; and, it is thought, that if this

Company goes on with the same Success as they have done

for some Time past, of which there is no doubt, it will

become considerable enough to be engrafted on some of our

Corporations in the City, the Taste of the Publick for Musick

being so much improv’d lately.

 

 

 

Feb 16

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 16th of February[,] will be presented, A New Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Whereas it has been usual to deliver out the Opera Tickets at White’s Chocolate-House, the Royal Academy have judged it more Convenient that they for the future be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market, which will be this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Numbers of the Subscribers, no more than 350 Tickets will be delivered out. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Directors, Subscribers, or any other Persons will be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. Upon Complaint to the Royal Academy of Musick, that Disorders have been of late committed in the Footmen’s Gallery, to the Interruption of the Performance; This is to give Notice, That the next Time any Disorder is made there, that Gallery will be shut up.

 

 

 

Feb 19

The Town is at present very productive of new Entertainments; to the great Advantage of the Play-Houses, and agreeable Amusement of the Nobility and Gentry. […] And at the Hay-Market, on Tuesday last, was perform’d the New Opera call’d Coriolanus, said to exceed any Thing of the Kind ever seen upon that Stage.

 

 

 

Feb 23

To Seignior FRANCESCO BERNARDO

detto SENZINI, at the Opera-House in the

Hay-Market.

 

SIG.

YOU must not be surprized

at receiving an Address

from a Person, who has not

the Honour of being in the

Number of your Acquaintance;

for you must consider

your self now in the

Nature of publick Blessings,

that is, Persons who serve

the Publick: (For so they

are call’d, as long as they

continue in Place)[.] Therefore,

as a certain Gentleman

has said in a Dedication, you

must be taken Notice of, and

commended, whether you will, or no.

The great Advantages this Nation has received from your

Appearance amongst us, have made you the Subject of

almost all Conversations; not only of the Vulgar, but the

Learned. I happened the other Day to be engaged in a

Dispute with a Vertuoso of our College, concerning the

Disposition and natural Endowments of Persons of your SEX. The

Argument was logically, Physically, and Philosophically handled

on both Sides; I modestly urged, that it was not unreasonable

to suppose you of a middle Nature betwixt us and Angels;

which I was inclined to believe from the Sweetness

and Melody of your Voice; for it seemed to me as if you had

fetch’d your Musick from Heaven; to which my Antagonist

answered with this Quotation from MILTON.

The wise Creator peopled highest Heaven

With Spirits Masculine.

Observe the Word Masculine, from whence he infer’d that

you could have no Business there; for that the Gates of

those Mansions of the Gods were for ever shut against you,

wherefore he was of Opinion that there was a kind of Limbo

made on Purpose for such Spirits as yours, if you had any;

or else that you were sent in amongst the Women, where you

must expect but bad Quarters.

Finding him run into Raillery, I changed the Head of our

Argument, and put him in Mind how many Persons of your

Sex have been endow’d with great Wisdom and Sagacity, this

he also denied, pretending to prove from natural Causes and

Effects, that there could be no Wisdom where there was no

Beard; and he would as soon believe, that you had a Son or

Daughter, as a Grain of Sense. To strengthen his Assertion,

he quoted LUCIAN, who, he says, has proved that an

Eunuch cannot be a Philosopher.

I was surpriz’d to hear a Man of his Learning produce the

Authority of LUCIAN, an Author who, ’tis known, never

said any thing seriously in his Life; and here I cannot

forbear observing, how Men suffer themselves to be imposed

upon by false Appearances. It is an Error that has long possest

the World, that the Seat of Wisdom lies in the Beard:

Our Theatres have not a little contributed to this Imposition;

for you never see a Prophet, Philosopher, or Conjurer,

introduced upon the Stage, with less than two or three Foot

of Beard. But, methinks, that there is one Thing which

seems to overthrow this common Opinion, and is a Proof

that the Antients did not believe that Wisdom lay so singularly

in the Beard; which is, that Apollo, the God of Wisdom,

was always represented without One. And to tell you the

Truth, I should have believed he had been one of your

Class, if the Poets and Historians of Antiquity had not

ascribed to him a numerous issue, begot in stolen Intrigues

upon the Bodies of the most beautiful Nymphs of those

Times.

I take this silly Notion to be a great deal more modern

than some would make it. But to silence every Thing that

can be said on that Side of the Question, I shall make Use

of one easy Argument, which can neither be disputed, nor

denied. Have not several of the fair Sex, whose smooth Chins

were conscious of no Beard, been renowned for Learning,

Prudence, and consummate Wisdom? Was not Aspacia, a

beautiful Maid of Alexandria, a deep Philospher? Were not

Thomyris Queen of Scythia, Semiramis, Queen of Babylon, <as our>

own Queen Elizabeth, most profound Politicians? Yet will

any Man pretend to maintain that the Wisdom of these

celebrated Ladies lay in their Beards? No, certainly! that wou’d

overthrow the very Foundation of this ridiculous Opinion;

then whereabouts will they place it? In short, they have not

one shift to fly to.

Again, they tell us, that Courage, as well as Wisdom, lies in

the Beard; must the same Thing be a Type, a Figure, or

Symbol, to signify and represent such different Qualifications?

indeed, the military Heroes of our Times (the greatest

Part of whom never saw the War) in their Looks and

Gestures make open Pretences to Courage; but far be it from

them to lay Claim to any Accomplishments of the Mind;

perhaps, such an Assumption might hinder their Preferment;

but be that as it may, thus much however we know, that

even their God Mars himself, who was always drawn

terrible with a Beard, was one of the hard Heads: From all

which we may make the same Conclusion, which LUCIAN

has merrily done before us, that if Wisdom were to be judg’d

by Length of Beard, a Goat may carry the Prize from all the

Philosophers of the Age.

So feeble then are all the Objections raised against thy

Merit, O Senzini, that they fall of themselves for want of

Reason to support them. And tho’ my Respect for you has ever

been great, yet does it rise almost to Veneration, since I

have been informed of your great skill in Astrology and

Divination. This the Envious may question too, perhaps;

Infidels that will believe Nothing but what they see. But do

not all the Learned allow, that it is common for Maids to

receive Intimations of Things to come, by Dreams; and the

chast Spirits of the upper Air will not communicate

themselves to any thing but Virgins? Of old, throughout all

Greece, the Answers of the Oracles were constantly

delivered by a Virgin; then who can be presum’d to have a

Familiarity with those kind Demons so much as One, whose

Virginity was never questioned? [1328]

When I hear thy Musick, I become almost a Pythagorean;

and am disposed to believe that the Soul of Orpheus informs

thy Body; and then it is that I am more fix’d in my belief

of your Knowledge of Futurity: For I read that Orpheus

was the first of all the Grecians, who was learned in Astrology

and Divination, to which he was assisted by his great skill in

Musick.

Indeed, if we look round upon the Professors of this Branch

of the Mathematicks, an Objection will arise, which is, that

very few of them can be mistaken for Conjurers. However,

they meet with a very good Regard, and are acceptable in

the most polite Assemblies, from a Power and Dexterity of

managing their Instruments, which, I think, is not one of your

Talents. But your Organs are employed in a different Way,

and your Faculties more turn’d to the Speculative. It is an

an Observation of the Indulgence of Nature; that where any

Sense is defective, that Defect is supplied in a double Portion

of Sensation another Way. Now as this is in some Degree

your Case, the Respect, which I have for you, makes me

wish that you would put your occult Powers into Motion,

and endeavour not to be barely, Vox, & praeterea Nihil.

I dare promise before-hand you are cut out for something

more than Singing; and, whenever you are pleased to exert

in Prognostication, will do as well as those old Gentry, the

Sibylls. It is plain, that He, who is learned in the Divine

Science of Musick, and is not subject to gross Avocations,

may comprehend all Things beneath the Moon; nay more,

may converse among the Stars, and by the Force of Harmony

may call round him the wandring Spirits of the Air, or

allure those whose dark Abode is beyond the River Acheron,

and compel them to declare what there is in Fate.

As I am under a strong Conviction that this Power is in

you, it is my Request to you, that tho’ you are a Stranger to

our Land, nevertheless you would employ your Skill in

inquiring into the Fate of this poor Country for seven Years to

come. Conjure up the Spirits of ENGLISH Patriots who

are long departed; retire to some solitary Grove at dead of

Night, dig a Hole and sprinkle it with the Blood of Sheep,

then take your Lyre, and you will charm up the Ghosts of

all the wise Men, that have died for many Ages. This was

the Method which Ulysses took by the Direction of Circe,

when he called up a Thousand Spirits from the Deep, and

among them was that of his Mother, by whom he was informed

of all that should happen to him. When you have done

this, let your Predictions be made publick; that the People

may no longer listen and be imposed upon by the Forgeries

of pretended Philomaths, and common Almanack-Makers. So

may Astrology and Musick flourish together, and the World not

have Cause to reproach us, that we have given away so much

Money for a Song.

P.S. If you design me the Honour of communicating any

thing in Answer to this, send it to the Publisher of this

Paper, directed for

Yours,

GRESHAMITE

 

 

 

Feb 25

[Lord Chamberlain’s Records]

 

M:r Geo: Hendall to be sworn Composer of Musick for his Maj:ty’s Chapl Royl.

These are to require You to Swear and Admit M:r George Hendall into the place and quality of Composer of Musick for his Majesty’s Chappel Royal. To have hold Exercise, and Enjoy the said place together with all rights, Profitts, Privileges, and Advantages – thereunto belonging; And for so doing this shall be Your Warrant Given &ca this 25th day of Febry 1722/3 in the Ninth Year of his Majesty’s Reign.

To His Majesty’s Gent Ushers &ca.

Holles Newcastle.

 

 

 

February

Johann Mattheson, Critica Musica

Lüneburg. Unser Herr Cantor Dreyer wird am künfftigen Char-Freytage die Passion von Herrn Capellmeister Händels Composition aufführen und ist anitzo mit Ausschreibung derselben würklich beschäfftiget. Es ist dieses das berühmte Oratorium, welches erstlich von dem Herrn Keiser, hernach von Herrn Händeln, Herrn Telemann, und dem Auctore Criticae, einfolglich von 4. Capellmeistern, in die Music gesetzet worden.

Lüneburg. Our Cantor Dreyer will perform on the coming Good Friday the ‘Passion’ by Capellmeister Händel, and is now earnestly occupied with copying out the same. It is the famous Oratorium which was set to music first by Herr Keiser, then by Herr Händel, Herr Telemann, and the Autore Criticae, consequently by 4 Capellmeister.

 

 

 

Mar 2

The new Opera Tickets are very high, and like to continue

so as long as Mrs. Cotzani is so much admired. They

are traded in at the other End of the Town, as much as

Lottery Tickets are in Exchange-Alley.

 

 

 

Mar 2

New MUSICK just publish’d,

The Monthly Masque of Vocal Musick, or the newest Songs made for the Theatres and other Occasions, for February; price 6 d. Twelve Cantato’s in English, being a choice Collection of the Compositions of several Authors. Also the Masque of Acis and Galatea, and six Overtures for Violins in 4 Parts, for Concert, composed by Mr. Handel, Mr. Bononcini, and other eminent Authors. Also great Variety of Vocal and Instrumental Musick, by the best Masters. Printed for, and sold by J. Walsh, Musick-Printer and Instrument-Maker to his Majesty, at the Harp in Katharine-street in the Strand, and John and Joseph Hare at the Viol and Flute in Cornhill near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

Mar 2

The Presentment of the Ridotto’s by the Grand Jury, has

as yet had no Effect on the Managers of that Entertainment,

and as they can’t be prosecuted till next Term, the number

of Nights allotted for that Diversion will be over before

that time.

 

 

 

Mar 9 23

Having promised now and

then to consider the State

of the British Stage, as the

Town has lately abounded

with new Entertainments,

we think it a proper Time

to enlarge our Remarks; but

first we shall begin with the

Opera, since that is also a

Theatrical Representation.

We have observed that

the Greeks and Romans,

with all their Wisdom, were

wont to interest their great

Officers of State in the

Conduct and Management of

publick Plays and Representations; it was not enough that,

by the Wisdom of their Councels [sic], they made their People

content at Home, and, by their Bravery in War, terrible

Abroad, but when they return’d either from Conquest or

from an Embassy, it was their Custom to bring Home with

them whatever was rare or curious in foreign Countries, and

to inrich these publick Shews with all the Wonders of Art

and Nature.

There is a faint Representation of this Custom reviv’d

amongst us by the Royal Academy of Musick, (I dont mean

of that Part of making the People either content at Home,

or terrible Abroad (for I would not be misunderstood) but

of ending into Italy for the finest Voices, and most

exquisite Musicians, as well as the most skilful and delicate

Genius in the Science of composing, to render our Opera, if

possible more elegant than that of Italy it self, and this at an

immense Charge.

Such Shews and Representations would be the Credit and

Ornament of a Nation, and must deserve our highest Praise,

were they carried on with the same Spirit and Design, as

were those by the Patrons of Rome and Greece. Would our

Gentlemen, like those, after they had used their Endeavours

for the publick Safety, study to make those Pleasures and

Entertainments as elegant as possible, and exhibit them to the

People Gratis? For this was the Practice of the generous

Antients; nay, many private Patricians have not only

obliged the Age in which they liv’d, but gratifyed Posterity,

by erecting at their own Charge, Theatres and Amphitheatres,

built of the most polish’d and strongest Marble, and

contrived with so much Skill and Labour, as if they aim’d at

making them immortal, by furnishing Materials most able

to resist the Injuries of Time.

There is not the least Appearance of any Design, like this,

in the Conduct of the Gentlemen of whom we are speaking,

every Man who is admitted to see these Representations pays

as dear as one of these Undertakers; and they have contrived

to screw it up to such an extravagant Price, that the far

greatest Number of our People are quite excluded from these

Entertainments, because of the Expence; and others, who,

because of their Love of Musick, cannot stay away, place it

among their Vices, as well they may when their Circumstances

cannot well support the Charge.

But if the Charge of our Operas be so considerable as to

demand so high a Price, methinks those Gentlemen who

share the great Employments of the Nation, and are inrich’d

by the publick Money, might, by contributing towards this

Expence, make the Price so easy to the People, that they

might go to them with Pleasure, and without incommoding

their Circumstances, nor could they do a more grateful

Thing, since some Amusements are absolutely necessary

towards relieving the Mind from the Fatigues of Business, and

Cares of the World.

As to our Gentlemen calling themselves the Academy of

Musick, I cannot see upon what Pretence they assume that Title,

for by the word Academy one would imagine that the Science

of Musick was studied and improved there, and that certain

Masters were appointed to teach and instruct young Persons,

who had the Gift of fine Voices, which no doubt might

be found in England as well as in Italy, were they look’d for;

and that others, in whom a Genius was discovered for this

Science, were to be bred up with all the Advantages that

Practice and Instruction could give them; this would be a

Means of inviting the God of Musick to forsake his beloved

Italy, and to come and reside amongst us, it would be a

naturalizing Musick, and making it our own, since then we shou’d

not only have Persons able to perform, but others of Capacity

to compose fine Entertainments, and we might see a better

Opera in England, than in any other Part of the World,

without one Foreigner either upon the Stage or in the

Orchaestra.

But as Nothing like this seems to be either attempted or

designed, we must expect that this Science will soon be lost

from among us; for ’tis not supposed that the prosent [sic] Set of

Performers will continue any longer here, than till they

have fill’d their Purses; after which, ’tis thought, they will

go and purchase Principalities in Germany, since at the

extravagant Rate they are paid, they will carry away Money

enough out of England for such a Purpose.

Therefore if a Man considers the Steps which have been

taken in this Undertaking, he would be tempted to think,

that it was set on Foot only out of a servile Compliment to

some Person or Persons, for Flattery is the very Composition

of Courtiers, and since we cannot discover the least Appearance

of a publick Spirit thro’ the whole Conduct from first to

last, I cannot see that it deserves to be either prais’d or

encourag’d by the Publick.

A Man no doubt would be counted a Barbarian who did

not delight in Harmony, and it must be allowed that Musick

has some Influence over the Passions of the Mind: Grave

Tunes compose us, lofty Ones elate us, and light Ones make

our Blood as it were dance in our Veins, yet this Effect lasts

no longer than the Musick; we carry no Impressions away

with us; it may put our Tempers for a while into Tune, but

it never mends the Heart: When a young Man brag’d to

Diogenes of his great skill in Musick, the Philosopher told

him that Wisdom governed Kingdoms and Cities, but that

Musick would not rule so much as a scolding Wife, or a

froward [sic] Child.

It is a Diversion that only gratifies the Sense, and has

nothing in it of the profitable; it deserves to be plac’d only in

the third Rank of our publick Entertainments; Tragedy

claims the first Place, as being the most noble and instructive;

Comedy next, which turns Vice into Ridicule, and by the [1340]

Jests and Sarcasms, which are cast upon the Follies of Men,

makes us laugh at, and despise them at the same Time.

It is therefore strange that so many considerable Persons

should interest themselves in the Management of a Pleasure

merely sensual, and leave the most noble and exalted Entertainment

which a sensible Soul can take Delight in, in such

abject and mercenary Hands, as one of our Theatres is at

present.

We shall, in our next, take Notice of the good or bad

Effect the Stage has upon the Minds and Morals of Men, and

of what Advantage the good Management of it might be to

the civil Government; we are diverted from it at present

by the Consideration of a new Tragedy [Mariamne], which the new

Theatre presented the Town the latter End of last Week.

[...]

 

 

 

Mar 19

New Musick this Day is publish’d,

That celebrated Opera, called Otho; containing all the Songs and Symphonies with the Overture; as they were performed at the King’s Theatre, for the Royal Academy; compos’d by Mr. Handell. Printed for, and sold by John Walsh, Musick-Printer and Instrument-Maker to his Majesty, at the Harp and Hautboy in Katharine-street, and John and Joseph Hare at the Viol and Flute in Cornhill near the Royal-Exchange.

 

 

 

Mar 25

An Establishment of certain Annual Pensions and Bountys, which Our Pleasure is shall commence from the 25th Day of March 1723 and be paid and accounted payable Quarterly during our Pleasure, and apon the Death of any of the Persons receiving the same or other determination of our Pleasure therein.

[...]

per Annum

George Frederick Handel                                             400 – –

 

 

 

Mar 26

For the Benefit of Signora Francesca Cuzzoni.

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 26th of March, will be perform’d an Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. With an Addition of Three new Songs, and an entire new Scene. Tickets will be deliver’d out a[t] the Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And particular Care will be taken to place Benches on the Stage for the Accommodation of the Company. The Gallery 5 s. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock. NB. Whereas this Benefit for Signora Cuzzoni is part of her Contract, the Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick resolve not to make use of the Liberty of the House for this Night.

 

 

 

Mar 26

On Tuesday Night the Opera of Otho was

perform’d at the Hay-Market, for the Benefit of the

famous Signora Cuzzoni the Italian Singer: upon

which Occasion there was an extraordinary

Concourse of Nobility and Gentry at that Theatre.

 

 

 

Mar 30

On Tuesday last was perform’d the Opera of Otho, King

of Germany, for the Benefit of Mrs. Cuzzoni; and a

considerable Benefit it was to her indeed, for, we hear that

some of the Nobility gave her 50 Guineas a Ticket.

Notwithstanding the Town so much admires this Lady’s

Performance, yet there are several who believe that Mrs. Tofts

was equal to her in every Respect; but she was not

born in Italy.  Why Musick should be confined only to

that Country is what we cannot perceive; since no Person

that ever came out of it equal’d the Harmony of our famous

Purcell.  As we delight so much in Italian Songs, we are

likely to have enough of them, for as soon as Cuzzoni’s Time

is out, we are to have another over; for we are well

assured Faustina, the fine Songstress at Venice, is invited, whose

Voice, they say, exceeds that we have already here; and as

the Encouragement is so great, no doubt, but she will visit

us, and, like others, when she makes her Exit, may carry

off Money enough to build some stately Edifice in her own

Country, and there perpetuate our Folly.

 

 

 

Apr 1

[describes a vision; among appointments in the Civil

and Military Offices are]

[...]

Lord Chamberlain of the Household [sic], Seignior

Senisini.

[...]

Maids of Honour to her Majesty, Mademoiselle

D’Epingle, Seigniora Duristante, Seigniora Cutsona,

the virtuous Mrs. M—ley, and the celebrated Mrs.

Sally Salisbury.

 

 

 

Apr 1

There remaining very few of the Subscribers who have neglected to pay the Calls to the Royal Academy of Musick, pursuant to the late Advertisement in several Courants, and the Gazette of the 23d of March last; and the Court of Directors supposing that such Neglect may have proceeded from the respective Persons either being out of Town, or not appriz’d of the said Advertisement, have therefore thought fit to prolong the Time till Monday the 8th Instant; and after such Time, the Tickets of those that have not paid their Calls will be absolutely refused, other Subscribers taken in their Room, and proper Measures taken to oblige them to pay what is due.

 

 

 

Apr 3

New Musick this Day is publish’d,

The Monthly Mask of Vocal Musick; or, The newest Songs made for the Theatres, and other Occasions, for March. Price 6 d. Also the Favourite Songs in the Opera’s of Otho, price 2 s. The Favourite Songs in Floridante, price 2 s. The Favourite Songs in Crispus, price 2 s. The Favourite Songs in Griselda, price 2 s. The Favourite Songs in Mutius Scaevola, price 2 s. And next Week will be publish’d, The Favourite Songs in Coriolanus. Printed for and sold by John Walsh, Musick-Printer and Instrument-Maker to his Majesty, at the Harp in Catherine-street in the Strand, and John and Joseph Hare at the Viol and Flute near the Royal Exchange in Cornhill.

 

 

 

Apr 6

We are told that the Italian Singers at our Opera, to the Number of five, of whom two are Eunuchs, have obtain’d a Permission from the King of France sign’d by his Majesty, the Duke of Orleans, and one of the Secretaries of State, to go over thither in July next, to perform twelve times, for which ’tis said the King will give them new Habits for the Theatre, and a Gratuity of 35,000 Livres, and that His Majesty intends to give the old Opera 23,000 Livres to make them amends for the Loss which they may suffer by the new one.

 

 

 

Apr 10

Yesterday two Persons of great Distinction, with

several Ladies, dined with the Sardinian Ambassador,

and after Dinner went into his Excellency’s

Chapel to hear Tenebres Sung, which was done

with great Solemnity; the Miserere and the

Lamentations being Sung by the famous Signiora

Cazoni.

 

 

 

Apr 24

New Musick for the Flute published,

That Celebrated Opera call’d Otho, for a Flute; containing the Overture, Songs and Symphonies for a single Flute, and the Du[e]ts for two Flutes; also all the late Operas done in like Manner, viz. Floridante, Radamistus, Rinaldo, Griselda, Atarchus, Numiter, Pyrrhus, Hydaspes, Almahide, Calypso, Cresus, and Armenyus: Also all the Vocal Musick, with their Symphonies, in the same Operas. Printed for and sold by John Walsh, Servant to His Majesty, at the Harp in Katherine-street, in the strand; and John and Joseph Hare, at the Golden Viol in Cornhill, near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

Apr 28 NS

Johann Mattheson, Hamburg Opera List

 

177. Floridantes. Music vom Hn. Capellmeister Händel. Hr. Beckau hat die Übersetzung gemacht.

 

 

 

April

Le Mercure de France

Quelques Acteurs Italiens de l’Opera de Londres doivent venir à Paris, et donner douze representations dans le cours du mois Juillet prochain, moyennant une somme considerable qui sera prise sur la recette. Le surplus tournera au profit de l’Académie qui cessera ses exercices pendant tout ce mois; elle fournira tout ce qui sera necessaire pour les representations des italiens, les habits, les décorations, les Choeurs, les Balets, les Symphonies, etc. Ceux qui doivent partager la somme promise sont au nombre de cinq personnes; sçavoir, deux femmes, deux haut Contes, et un Concordant. On a dit que le prix des places sera augmenté d’un tiers, et qu’il n’y aura point d’entrées franches …

 

 

 

April

Johann Mattheson, Critica Musica

 

Ich lasse jedem seine Meinung; aber die meine gehet unmaßgeblich dahin daß wer eine Doppel-Fuge mit 2. 3. und mehr subjectis, absonderlich vors Clavier concinne und artig in einander zu flechten weiß derselbe viel ehe den Nahmen eines vollkommenen harmonischen Meisters verdiene als wenn er an jedem Rock-Knopf einen Canonem von andrer Gattung hätte und noch immer ein Dutzend dazu aus den Ermeln schütteln könnte. Ich habe es mit beyden versucht und finde die Doppel-Fugen viel schätzbarer als die Canones: zumahl da sie auch grössren Nutzen hauptsächlich in der Instrumental-Music haben und nicht nur den Zuhörer ergetzen sondern auch den Componisten und Spieler warm halten können. Von alten braven Maitres wüste ich keinen der den Herrn Capellmeister Johann Krieger in Zittau darinn überginge. Und unter den jüngern ist mir noch niemand vorkommen der eine solche Fertigkeit darinn hätte als der Herr Capellmeister Händel: nicht nur im Setzen; sondern so gar im extemporisiren wie ich solches hundertmahl mit grössester Verwunderung angehöret habe. Doch machen diese treffliche Leute eben ihren grössesten Staat nicht aus der Doppel-Fuge allein; vielweniger aus dem Canone. Sie haben sich aber weit mehr mit der ersten als mit dem andern bey rechten Kennern in Credit gesetzet: das ist gewiß und provocire ich deswegen auf ihre eigene Aussage wenns ihnen beliebt solche zu thun ganz kühnlich.

 

 

 

May 14

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 14th of May, will be performed a New Opera call’d, FLAVIUS. Tickets will be delivered out at their Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at half a Guinea each. N. B. No Tickets will be given out at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. Gallery 5 s. By Command, no Persons whatsoever will be admitted behind the Scenes. By reason of the shortness of the Opera, to begin exactly at Eight a-Clock.

 

 

 

May 22

New Musick published.

Solos for a German Flute, with a thorough Bass for the Harpsicord or B[a]ss Violin, by Sig. Pietro. Price 3 s. NB. There is now engraving, and will be speedily published, that celebrated Opera call’d Flavius, as it is performed at the King’s Theatre for the Royal Academy, composed by Mr. Handel: Where also may be had, the Opera of Otho, Floridant, and other curious Pieces, by the same Author. Printed for and sold by John Walsh, Servant to His Majesty, at the Harp in Catherine-street in the Strand, and John and Joseph Hare, at the Viol and Flute in Cornhill, near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

May 27

Wilhelm Willers, Bemerkungen über Theater Vorfälle

 

May 27. Zum erstenmahl Rinaldo

 

 

 

Jun 3

[Giuseppe Riva to Agostino Steffani, London, Thursday 3 June 1723]

 

            Here, because of the factionalism that is the soul of this agitated country, which takes its nature from the element [water] that surrounds it, we have, beside Bononcini and Handel, a third composer, named Signor alias Father Attilio Ariosti, one of whose opera [Coriolano] has had a very good reception.  Bononcini, being employed, will still remain here next year, but will then leave the field free [for others].

 

 

 

Jun 4

The Governour and Court of Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick, have appointed a General Court to be held To-morrow, the 5th Instant, at Eleven in the Morning, at their Office in the Hay Market; all Persons belonging to the Corporation, are desired to be present at the same time.

 

 

 

Jun 4

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Tuesday, being the 4th of June, will be performed an Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany, with an Addition of three new Songs, and an entire new Scene. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market, this Day, at Half a Guinea each. Gallery 5 s. Particular Care will be taken to keep the House cool. To begin exactly at Seven a-Clock. N. B. The Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick resolve not to make use of their Tickets for the Liberty of the House for this Night.

 

 

 

Jun 8

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 8th of June, will be performed an Opera call’d, OTHO, King of Germany, with an Addition of three new Songs, and an entire new Scene. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market, this Day, at Half a Guinea each. Gallery 5 s. To begin exactly at Seven a-Clock.

 

 

 

Jun 9

[Papers of Jane Martha Temple, Lady Portland; Single ms leaf with “orders” in French for Princess Anne’s daily schedule]

 

Order given at their house / Sunday evening 9 June 1723 / Rise at 7; pray till 8, dress and have breakfast; from 8 till 9 go for a walk; read from 9 till 10; from 10 till 11 read aloud with the grienault [Amelia? Caroline?] and discuss what she has read on her own; study from 11 till 12; at noon go to prayers till 1; between 1 and 2 lunch; from 2 till 3 play shuttlecock or walk and discuss rational matters; work from 3 to 4 while the grienault reads; from 4 to 5 either practice clavecin or read; after that, play music with Handel; at 6:30 go for a walk when the weather is nice.

 

 

 

Jun 21

New Musick just published.

That Celebrated Opera call’d Flavius, containing all the Overture[,] Songs and Symphonies, as they were perform’d at the King’s Theatre for the Royal Academy, compos’d by Mr Handell. Printed for and sold by John Walsh, Servant to His Majesty, at the Harp in Catherine-street in the Strand; and John and Joseph Hare, at the Golden Viol in Cornhill, near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

Jun [26]

Treasury Papers

1723 Memorial

Royal Academy

of Music

Lords of the

Treasury

For a warrant to pay

1000l. out of the

Bounty Office and

for 200l. to defray

the taxes and other

expenses attending

the receipt of the

1000l. which his

Majesty allowed.

            Minuted: —“26th

June 1723  1,000 li.

order’d.”

 

 

 

Jul 15

New Musick Publish’d.

Flavius for a Flute; the Overture, Symphonies, Songs, Ariets for a single Flute, and the Duets for two Flutes, of that Celebrated Opera compos’d by Mr. Handell. Also may be had where these are sold, all the late Operas, as Otho, Floridant, Grisilda, Astartus, and several others for Voices and Instrument composed by Mr. Handell, Mr. Bononcini, and other Authors. Printed for and Sold by John Walsh, Servant to His Majesty, at the Harp in Catherine-street in the Strand, and John and Joseph Hare, at the Viol and Flute in Cornhill, near the Royal Exchange.

 

 

 

Sep 21

The House in which the Opera’s, &c. are kept in the Hay-Market, is beautifying and new painting by some of the best Masters; Mr. Heidiger the Master having ordered 1000 l. to be expended on that Account, for the better Entertainment of his Audiences in the Winter.

 

 

 

Oct 8

Anastasia Robinson to Giuseppe Riva

 

… Sigr Bononcini is return’d & desires me to tell you that being very much taken up in Composing the first Opera for England calld Farnace, (which by the way was chose by very good judges) he desir’d Sigr Lelio to acquaint you with it, & at the same time to lett you know that there was the greatest probability imaginable of Italian Operas being fixt at Paris, they having sent most advantageous offers to Faustina & other Singers in Italy, but it is impossible as yet to have their answers, as to his refusing to Play the Violoncello to the Regent, he says he leaves it to you to judge whether tis possible, since he is neither a Senesino, nor a Cuzzoni; & since I have mention’d that Princess [Francesca Cuzzoni], I must tell you, she has been at the Bath this Season, where they say she gott a good deal of Money, she came from there a week ago, about an affair of very great consequence, some say to see Sandoni, others to buy New Cloaths, but the learned do not pretend to determine, not knowing which was most dear to her; however it was, she returnd again, & is now there. Yesterday arriv’d a New Singer, whose name I think I have heard say is Bigonzi, he tells people that Casimiro sent for him to suply the place of another Performer, which must be Gordon, & consequently an honourable Post he waits for. The Italian Comedians will be in England I am afraid before you …

 

 

 

Oct 19

They write from the Bath, that Mrs. Cuzzoni, the

famous Italian Singer, has been down there all the Season,

much to the Satisfaction of the Quality and Gentry, and

not a little to her own; she usually disposing of Six Hundred

Tickets for her own Share, at Half a Guinea a Piece

every time she sung in publick, which was never less than

once a Week.

 

 

 

[Audit Office Declared Accounts of the Paymaster of Pensions of 1723]

 

George Frederick Handell at the same rate [£200/year] for ½ a year ended at Lady 1723 by vertue of the Old Estab[lishmen]t.  100 £ more to him at 400 £ p annum for ¼ of a year to Midsr. 1723 by the New Establisht.  100 £ in both.

 

 

 

Nov 5/16

[Gio. Giacomo Zamboni to Giuseppe Riva in Hanover, 5/16 November 1723]

 

I believe that they will begin with the last opera of last season, [Flavio] by Hendel, in which [Alexander] Gordon will be replaced by a new virtuoso, named [Giuseppe] Bigonzi, {...}

 

 

 

Nov 9

The Court of Directors of the Royal Academy of Musick have ordered a Call of 5 l. per Cent. which is the 10th Call, to be made payable on all the Subscribers to the said Royal Academy on or before the 23d Instant. These are to give Notice, That the Deputy-Treasurer will attend at the Office at the Opera House in the Hay-Market on the several Days following, viz. 21st, 22d, and 23d Instant, from Nine in the Morning till Two in the Afternoon, to receive the same. And these are further to give Notice, That a General Court, which is the Annual Court by Charter, for chusing Deputy-Governour and Directors for the Year ensuing, will be held on Friday the 22d Instant, at the Office aforesaid, at Eleven in the Morning, in order to chuse the said Deputy-Governour nd Directors and all Subscribers to the <…>

 

 

 

Dec 6/17

[Gio. Giacomo Zamboni to Giuseppe Riva in Amsterdam, 6/17 December 1723]

 

Bononcino, besides being quite enraged over the ill-success of his opera, has been so ill that he could not play for the third performance [on December 4]; so he asked Attiliazzo [Ariosti].  On Wednesday [December 11] they will perform [Handel’s] Ottone, after having performed [Bononcini’s] Farnace only four times.

 

 

 

Dec 11

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Wednesday, being the 11th of December, will be perform’d an Opera, call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Number of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be delivered out. NB. No Tickets will be given at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. The Gallery 5 s. No Persons to be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Dec 14

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 14th of December, will be perform’d an Opera, call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Number of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be delivered out. NB. No Tickets will be given at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. The Gallery 5 s. No Persons to be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Dec 18

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Wednesday, being the 18th of December, will be perform’d an Opera, call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Number of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be delivered out. NB. No Tickets will be given at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. The Gallery 5 s. No Persons to be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Dec 21

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 21st of December, will be perform’d an Opera, call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market this Day, at Half a Guinea each. And in Regard to the Increase of the Number of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be delivered out. NB. No Tickets will be given at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. The Gallery 5 s. No Persons to be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

Dec 28

AT the King’s Theatre in the Hay-Market, this present Saturday, being the 28th of December, will be perform’d an Opera, call’d, OTHO, King of Germany. Tickets will be delivered out at the Office in the Hay-Market, this Day, at Half a Guinea each[.] And in Regard to the Increase of the Number of the Subscribers, no more than Three Hundred and Fifty Tickets will be delivered out. NB. No Tickets will be given at the Door, nor any Persons whatsoever admitted for Money. The Gallery 5 s. No Persons to be admitted behind the Scenes. To begin exactly at Six a-Clock.

 

 

 

1723

John Walsh, Cash-book

 

1723  Opera Flavio … £26 5 0